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Indicators Over Time

This section presents historical trends of equal employment opportunity for minorities and women in the U.S. private sector since the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The data series begins in 1966 and continues to the most recent survey year available (2010). Employment numbers and participation rates prior to 2005 were cited from "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity - Status and Trends, U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2004". Numbers and rates thereafter were aggregated from the annual EEO-1 survey (also known as Employer Information Report).

Due to its unique racial and ethnicity composition, the state of Hawaii was excluded from all levels of aggregates prior to 2007. Starting from 2007, two race/ethnic groups had been added to the data collection: Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islanders and Two or More Races. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders were categorized as part of Asian group in earlier surveys. Also starting in 2007, previous Officials & Managers job category had been split into two: Executive/Senior Level and First/Mid Level. As a result, special care is recommended when analyzing trend in this data series.

Job patterns of minority and women in a 45-year span are presented in graphics and tables, each with a brief highlight of the content. Appendixes at the end of this presentation provide detailed aggregates in table format by available survey years from the start of the EEO-1 report at EEOC.

LIST OF MAJOR CHARTS AND TABLES

T1. Private Sector Employment of Women and Men (1966-2010)

T2. Private Sector Employment of Minority and Non-Minority (1966-2010)

T3. Private Sector Employment by Minority Groups in Percent (1966-2010)

T4. Officials and Managers in Private Sector, Women vs. Men (1966,1983,2002,2006,2008, 2010)

T5. Officials and Managers in Private Sector, Minority vs. Non-Minority (1966, 1983, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2010)

T6. Officers and Managers in Private Sector by Minority Groups (1966,1983,2002,2006,2008, 2010)

T7. Professionals in Private Sector, Women vs. Men (1966,1983,2002,2006,2008,2010)

T8. Professionals in Private Sector, Minority vs. Non-Minority (1966,1983,2002,2006,2008, 2010)

T9. Women in Private Sector by Selected Job Categories (1966,1983,2002,2006, 2008, 2010)

T10. Minorities in Private Sector by Selected Job Categories (1966,1983,2002,2006, 2008, 2010)

T11. Female Exe/Senior and First/Mid Officials and Managers, U.S. Summary (2007-2010)

APPENDIX I, PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION RATES OF MEN AND WOMEN BY POPULATION GROUP AND YEAR, U.S. SUMMARY, 1966-2010

APPENDIX II, PRIVATE SECTOR TOTAL EMPLOYMENT AND PARTICIPATION RATES OF MINORITIES AND WOMEN BY JOB CATEGORY, U.S.SUMMARY, 1966, 1983 AND 2002-2010


T1. Private Sector Employment of Women vs. Men (1966-2010) U.S. Summary

table1

 

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, (2004). No survey for 1968 and 1977.

  Year
 
1966 1976 1986 1996 2006 2010
Men (%) 68.8 61.6 53.9 52.6 51.6 51.0
Women (%) 31.2 38.4 46.1 47.4 48.4 49.0
Total Employment1 24,887 32,303 37,201 46,683 55,388 59,128

*** The private-sector workforce in 2010 was more than two and a third times its 1966 level from about 25 million to over 59.1 million. The 138 percent increase was associated with a marked rise in women's employment. Between 1966 and 2010, the overall industry participation rate for women rose from 31.2 percent to 49.0 percent, an increase of 17.8 percentage points over four and half decades since EEOC first started collecting employment data from the private-sector employers.

1Total employment is in thousands.

T2. Private Sector Employment of Minority vs. Non-Minority (1966-2010) U.S. Summary

table2

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, (2004). No survey for 1968 and 1977.

  Year
 
1966 1976 1986 1996 2006 2010
Non-Minority (%) 88.8 84.5 79.6 74.4 68.0 65.8
Minority (%) 11.2 15.5 20.4 25.6 32.0 34.2
Total Employment1 24,887 32,303 37,201 46,683 55,388 59,128

*** In 1966, about 11.2 percent of the private-sector employees in the EEO-1 survey were Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and American Indians. This rate of minority employment more than tripled to 34.2 percent in 2010. In 2007, two minority groups were added to the EEO-1 data collection system: Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders and Two-or-More-Races.

1 Total employment is in thousands.

T3. Private Sector Employment by Minority Groups in Percent (1966-2010) U.S. Summary

 table3

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, (2004). No survey for years 1968 and 1977.

  Year (%)
 
1966 1976 1986 1996 2006 2010
Blacks 8.2 10.0 12.0 13.1 14.0 13.5
Hispanics 2.5 4.2 5.8 8.4 12.4 13.5
Asians 0.3 0.9 2.2 3.5 5.0 5.2
Am. Indians 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5
Hawaiians - - - - - 0.4
Two-Or- More- Races - - - - - 0.9
Total Employment1 24,887 32,303 37,201 46,683 55,388 59,128

*** Among the four minority groups continuously measured in the EEO-1 survey, the employment rate for Blacks increased steadily from 8.2 percent in 1966 to 13.5 percent in 2010. Hispanics had the fastest growth rate in the private sector, climbing from 2.5 percent to 13.5 percent between 1966 and 2010. Starting in 2007, the Asian minority group was divided into Asians and Native Hawaiian/or Other Pacific Islanders (with a 0.4 percent participation rate in 2010). And Two-Or-More-Races were included in the data collection as a race category (with a 0.9 percent participation rate in 2010).

1 Total employment is in thousands.

T4. Officials and Managers in Private Sector, Women vs. Men
(1966, 1983, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2010)*
U.S. summary

image005

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, 2004.

  Year * (%)
 
1966 1983 2002 2006 2008 2010
Men 90.7 77.1 63.6 62.7 62.5 61.3
Women 9.3 22.9 36.4 37.3 37.5 38.7
Total Officials & Mangers 2,049 4,395 5,919 6,303 6,776 6,691

*** In 1966, the first year when EEO-1 data was available of the private-sector workforce, women held 9.3 percent of the total Official and Manager positions in the industry. This figure went up to 37.5 percent in 2008, and up further to 38.7 percent in 2010, an increase of more than four folds in a period of four and half decades.

* Note: Years presented were selected from available data. Total employment is in thousands.

T5. Officials and Managers in Private Sector, Minority vs. Non-Minority
(1966, 1983, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2010)
U.S Summary

image006

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, 2004.

  Year *
 
1966 1983 2002 2006 2008 2010
Minority (%) 1.8 8.2 15.8 17.7 19.9 21.4
Non-Minority (%) 98.2 91.8 84.2 82.3 80.1 78.6
Total Officials & Mangers 2,049 4,395 5,919 6,303 6,776 6,691

*** People of minority groups accounted for 1.8 percent of the total Officials and Managers in private sector as reported in the 1966 EEO-1 survey. This figure increased more than ten folds to 19.9 percent in 2008 and further up to nearly 22.0 percent in 2010. For reasons of consistency, estimates of Officials and Managers in this time series included both Senior/Executive and Low/Mid levels for all years (See T11 for a separate analysis of the new job categories).

* Note: Years presented were selected from available data. Total employment is in thousands.

T6. Officers and Managers in Private Sector by Minority Groups
(1966, 1983, 2002, 2008, 2010)
U.S. Summary

image007

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, (2004).

   
  Year * (%)
 
1966 1983 2002 2008 2010
Blacks 0.9 4.3 6.9 6.9 6.7
Hispanics 0.6 2.4 5.3 7.5 6.9
Asians 0.2 1.2 3.3 4.0 4.6
American Indians, Alaskan Natives 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders - - - 0.2 0.2
Two Or More Races - - - 0.5 1.5

*** Since 1966, shares of all minority groups in the Official and Manager positions have increased along with their employment rates in the private sector. Black Officials and Managers rose from 0.9 percent in 1966 to 6.7 percent in 2010; Hispanic Officials and Managers, from 0.6 percent to 6.9 percent; Asian Officials and Managers, from 0.2 percent to 4.6 percent; and American Indian Officials and Managers, from 0.1 percent to 0.4 percent. In 2010, about 1.5 percent of the Officials and Managers were Two-or-More-Races, three times that of the 2008 figure of 0.5 percent.

*Note: Years selected from available data.

T7. Professionals in Private Sector, Women vs. Men
(1966, 1983, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2010)
U.S. Summary

image008

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, (2004).

 
  Year *
 
1966 1983 2002 2006 2008 2010
Men (%) 79.5 59.3 48.3 47.5 47.5 46.5
Women (%) 20.5 40.7 51.7 52.5 52.5 53.5
Total Professionals 1,819 3,807 8,009 8,944 10,486 10,511

*** Nationwide, one-in-five or 20.5 percent of all the Professional positions in the private industry were held by women in 1966. These figures rose up to over one-in-two or 53.5 percent as reported in the 2010 EEO-1 survey. The growth of women's share in Professional positions outpaced that of their industry participation rate during the same time period from 31.2 percent (1966) to 49.0 percent (2010).

*Note: Years selected from available data. Total employment is in thousands.

T8. Professionals in Private Sector, Minority vs. Non-Minority
(1966, 1983, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2010)
U.S. Summary

image009

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, (2004).

 
  Year *
 
1966 1983 2002 2006 2008 2010
Minority (%) 3.9 10.6 20.0 22.6 24.5 24.7
Non-Minority (%) 96.1 89.4 80.0 77.4 75.5 75.3
Total Professionals 1,819 3,807 8,009 8,944 10,486 10,511

*** Between 1966 and 2010, minorities employed as Professionals in the private sector rose from 3.9 percent to 24.7 percent, at a pace faster than their employment growth in the industry from 11.2 percent to 34.2 percent within the same time period.

*Note: Years selected from available data. Total employment is in thousands.

T9. Women in Private Sector by Selected Job Categories
(1966, 1983, 2002, 2008, 2010)
U.S. Summary

table9

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, (2004).

 
  Year * (%)
 
1966 1983 2002 2006 2008 2010
Sales Workers 38.8 53.6 56.4 56.9 56.4 55.9
Office/Clerical 72.0 84.4 80.3 79.3 78.7 76.8
Service Workers 43.1 56.1 57.7 58.3 59.7 59.5
Women Employment 31.2 43.8 48.2 48.4 48.6 49.0

*** Compared to their overall industry employment rates, women have been well represented historically in job categories such as Office/Clerical Workers, Service Workers and Sales Workers in the private sector. As more women have entered the private workforce, this trend of gender-based occupation remains consistently high for women in Clerical jobs (in the range of 72-to-76.8 percent over the 45 years) and continues to grow in Sales and Service jobs (from 38.8 to 55.9 percent and from 43.1 to 59.5 percent, respectively, over the decades).

Note: Years selected from available data.

T10. Minorities in Private Sector by Selected Job Categories
(1966, 1983, 2002, 2008,2010)
U.S. Summary

table10

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, (2004).

 
  Year (%) *
1966 1983 2002 2006 2008 2010
Operatives 14.3 25.3 35.6 35.8 39.6 38.9
Laborers 28.1 32.9 47.6 47.6 52.6 52.9
Service Workers 27.5 32.3 46.2 46.1 49.4 49.6
Minority Employment 11.2 18.7 29.7 29.9 34.2 34.2

*** Historically, minorities have been well represented in occupations such as Laborers, Service Workers, and Operatives in the private industry. This trend of occupational pattern by race groups remains basically unchanged at 38.9 percent (Operatives), 52.9 percent (Laborers), and 49.6 percent (Service) in 2010 - all notably higher than their industry participation rate as was the case in the earlier surveys.

*Note: Years selected from available data.

T11. Female Exe/Senior and First/Mid Officials and Managers
U.S. Summary (2007 to 2010)

table11

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports).

 
Exe/SR Offls/Mgrs
(%)
First/Mid Offls/Mgrs
(%)
2007 28.0 39.0
2008 27.5 39.2
2009 31.7 39.6
2010 32.3 39.8

*** In 2007, EEOC started to gather information on two levels of Officials and Managers from private employers: Executive/Senior level and First/Mid level. While women Officials and Managers at lower level remains steady at around 39 percent, a upward shift between 2008 and 2009 is evident of female Officials and Managers at higher level. Though this time period may be too short to suggest a trend, in a short course of four years from 2007 to 2010, an increase of 15.4 percent (32.3 percent over 28 percent) is noteworthy of the total female Executive and Senior Officials and Managers in the private sector.

Appendix I. PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION RATES OF MEN AND WOMEN BY POPULATION GROUP AND YEAR, U.S. SUMMARY, 1966-2010

Year Total, All Groups White Minorities
Total Black Hispanic Asian Am. Indian Hawaiian Two- Or-More- Races
M F M F M F M F M F M F M F M F M F
1966 68.8 31.2 60.9 27.8 7.8 3.4 5.7 2.4 1.8 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 - - - -
1967 67.7 32.3 59.5 28.4 8.2 3.9 5.9 2.8 1.9 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 - - - -
1968 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1969 66.1 33.9 57.3 29.1 8.8 4.8 6.1 3.4 2.1 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 - - - -
1970 65.9 34.1 56.6 28.9 9.3 5.2 6.4 3.7 2.4 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 - - - -
1971 66.1 33.9 57.4 28.8 8.8 5.1 5.9 3.6 2.4 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 - - - -
1972 64.8 35.2 55.6 29.6 9.1 5.6 6.1 3.9 2.5 1.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 - - - -
1973 63.5 36.5 53.8 30.3 9.6 6.2 6.3 4.3 2.7 1.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 - - - -
1974 63.3 36.7 53.5 30.1 9.8 6.5 6.4 4.5 2.8 1.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.1 - - - -
1975 62.7 37.3 53.3 30.7 9.5 6.6 6.0 4.5 2.8 1.6 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 - - - -
1976 61.6 38.4 52.6 31.9 9.0 6.5 5.7 4.3 2.7 1.6 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 - - - -
1977 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1978 60.0 40.0 49.9 32.2 10.1 7.8 6.1 5.1 3.1 1.9 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.1 - - - -
1979 59.8 40.2 49.4 32.1 10.4 8.1 6.2 5.3 3.1 2.1 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.1 - - - -
1980 58.7 41.3 48.3 32.9 10.4 8.4 6.0 5.4 3.2 2.1 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.1 - - - -
1981 58.2 41.8 48.0 33.2 10.2 8.6 5.9 5.5 3.3 2.3 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.1 - - - -
1982 57.4 42.6 47.4 33.9 10.0 8.7 5.6 5.5 3.2 2.2 0.9 0.8 0.2 0.2 - - - -
1983 56.2 43.8 46.4 34.8 9.8 8.9 5.5 5.6 3.1 2.3 1.0 0.9 0.2 0.2 - - - -
1984 56.1 43.9 45.9 34.7 10.2 9.2 5.6 5.8 3.2 2.3 1.0 1.0 0.3 0.2 - - - -
1985 55.6 44.4 45.1 34.9 10.4 9.6 5.8 6.0 3.3 2.4 1.1 1.0 0.2 0.2 - - - -
1986 54.9 45.1 44.4 35.2 10.5 9.9 5.8 6.2 3.3 2.5 1.1 1.1 0.2 0.2 - - - -
1987 54.1 45.9 43.4 35.6 10.7 10.3 5.9 6.4 3.4 2.6 1.2 1.1 0.2 0.2 - - - -
1988 53.9 46.1 43.0 35.6 10.9 10.5 5.9 6.5 3.5 2.6 1.3 1.2 0.2 0.2 - - - -
1989 53.8 46.2 42.6 35.4 11.2 10.8 5.9 6.6 3.8 2.8 1.4 1.3 0.2 0.2 - - - -
1990 53.5 46.5 42.1 35.5 11.4 11.0 5.9 6.6 3.9 2.9 1.4 1.3 0.2 0.2 - - - -
1991 53.3 46.7 41.9 35.6 11.4 11.0 5.8 6.5 4.0 2.9 1.5 1.4 0.3 0.2 - - - -
1992 53.1 46.9 41.5 35.7 11.6 11.2 5.8 6.6 4.1 3.0 1.5 1.5 0.3 0.2 - - - -
1993 53.0 47.0 41.1 35.5 11.9 11.5 5.9 6.6 4.2 3.1 1.6 1.5 0.3 0.2 - - - -
1994 52.9 47.1 40.7 35.2 12.2 11.9 6.0 6.8 4.4 3.2 1.6 1.6 0.3 0.2 - - - -
1995 52.7 47.3 40.0 35.0 12.7 12.3 6.0 7.0 4.6 3.4 1.7 1.6 0.3 0.2 - - - -
1996 52.6 47.4 39.6 34.8 13.0 12.6 6.1 7.1 4.9 3.6 1.8 1.7 0.3 0.3 - - - -
1997 52.4 47.6 39.1 34.6 13.3 13.0 6.1 7.2 5.0 3.7 1.9 1.8 0.3 0.3 - - - -
1998 52.2 47.8 38.6 34.2 13.7 13.5 6.2 7.4 5.2 4.0 2.0 1.8 0.3 0.3 - - - -
1999 52.1 47.9 38.0 33.9 14.1 14.0 6.3 7.6 5.5 4.2 2.0 1.9 0.3 0.3 - - - -
2000 52.1 47.9 37.5 33.4 14.6 14.4 6.3 7.6 5.9 4.5 2.1 2.0 0.3 0.3 - - - -
2001 52.0 48.0 37.2 33.4 14.8 14.7 6.2 7.6 6.1 4.7 2.2 2.1 0.3 0.3 - - - -
2002 51.8 48.2 36.9 33.5 14.8 14.7 6.1 7.5 6.2 4.8 2.2 2.1 0.3 0.3 - - - -
2003 51.7 48.3 36.7 33.5 15.0 14.9 6.1 7.5 6.3 4.9 2.3 2.2 0.3 0.3 - - - -
2004 51.6 48.4 36.3 33.2 15.3 15.3 6.1 7.6 6.5 5.1 2.4 2.3 0.3 0.3 - - - -
2005 51.5 48.5 35.9 32.9 15.6 15.5 6.2 7.6 6.7 5.3 2.4 2.3 0.3 0.3 - - - -
2006 51.6 48.4 35.5 32.5 16.1 15.9 6.3 7.7 6.9 5.5 2.6 2.4 0.3 0.3 - - - -
2007 51.6 48.4 34.4 31.5 17.2 16.9 6.3 7.7 7.7 6.0 2.5 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
2008 51.4 48.8 34.2 31.6 17.2 17.2 6.2 7.7 7.6 6.0 2.5 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4
2009 50.8 49.2 34.0 32.0 16.7 17.2 6.0 7.6 7.3 6.1 2.6 2.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.5
2010 51.0 49.0 34.1 31.7 16.9 17.3 6.0 7.5 7.3 6.2 2.7 2.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.6

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, (2004). No survey for years 1968 and 1977.

Appendix II. PRIVATE SECTOR TOTAL EMPLOYMENT AND PARTICIPATION RATES OF MINORITIES AND WOMEN BY JOB CATEGORY, U.S. SUMMARY (1966,1983, and 2002-2010)

 
Job Category Year Total    Employment Minority (Participation Rates) Women
Total Black Hispanic Asian Am. Indian Hawaiian1 Two-Or- More- Races1
Total, All Jobs  1966 24,887 11.2 8.2 2.5 0.3 0.2 - - 31.2
  1983 35,024 18.7 11.1 5.4 1.9 0.4 - - 43.8
  2002 52,065 29.7 13.7 11.0 4.4 0.6 - - 48.2
  2003 50,309 29.9 13.6 11.2 4.5 0.6 - - 48.3
  2004 52,574 30.5 13.7 11.6 4.6 0.6 - - 48.4
  2005 54,226 31.3 13.9 12.0 4.8 0.6 - - 48.5
  2006 55,388 32.0 14.0 12.4 5.0 0.6 - - 48.4
  2007 61,193 34.0 14.0 13.7 4.9 0.6 0.3 0.5 48.4
  2008 62,154 34.2 13.9 13.6 5.0 0.6 0.4 0.8 48.6
  2009 58,957 34.0 13.6 13.4 5.1 0.6 0.4 0.9 49.2
  2010 59,129 34.2 13.5 13.5 5.2 0.6 0.4 1.1 49.0
Officials/Managers 1966 2,049 1.8 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.1 - - 9.3
  1983 4,395 8.2 4.3 2.4 1.2 0.3 - - 22.9
  2002 5,919 15.9 6.9 5.3 3.3 0.4 - - 36.4
  2003 5,682 16.0 6.8 5.4 3.4 0.4 - - 36.5
  2004 5,931 16.6 6.9 5.7 3.6 0.4 - - 36.7
  2005 6,124 17.1 7.0 5.9 3.8 0.4 - - 37.1
  2006 6,303 17.7 7.1 6.2 4.0 0.4 - - 37.3
Exe/SR Offls/Mgrs1 2007 1,089 16.6 3.5 8.8 3.5 0.3 0.2 0.3 28.0
  2008 1,041 15.9 3.3 8.1 3.7 0.3 0.2 0.4 27.5
  2009 968 16.0 3.0 3.5 3.7 0.3 0.2 5.4 31.7
2010 974 17.5 2.9 3.7 3.8 0.3 0.2 6.6 32.3
First/Mid Offls/Mgrs 1 2007 5,687 20.2 7.6 7.3 4.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 39.0
  2008 5,902 20.6 7.6 7.4 4.5 0.4 0.2 0.5 39.2
  2009 5,719 20.6 7.5 7.4 4.6 0.4 0.2 0.5 39.6
2010 5,717 20.9 7.4 7.5 4.8 0.4 0.2 0.6 39.8
Professionals 1966 1,819 3.9 1.7 0.8 1.3 0.1 - - 20.5
  1983 3,809 10.6 4.4 2.0 3.9 0.3 - - 40.7
  2002 8,009 20.0 7.1 4.1 8.4 0.4 - - 51.7
  2003 7,893 20.5 7.2 4.2 8.7 0.4 - - 52.2
  2004 8,272 21.0 7.3 4.3 9.0 0.4 - - 52.3
  2005 8,608 21.7 7.4 4.5 9.4 0.4 - - 52.2
  2006 8,944 22.6 7.6 4.7 9.9 0.4 - - 52.5
  2007 10,010 23.8 7.7 5.1 9.9 0.4 0.3 0.3 52.8
  2008 10,486 24.5 7.7 5.2 10.1 0.4 0.3 0.7 52.8
  2009 10,335 24.5 7.7 5.2 10.3 0.4 0.3 0.7 53.6
  2010 10,511 24.7 7.6 5.3 10.4 0.4 0.3 0.8 53.5
Technicians  1966 1,087 6.5 4.0 1.5 0.8 0.2 - - 22.6
  1983 2,032 15.8 8.9 3.7 2.8 0.3 - - 41.7
  2002 2,992 25.4 11.8 7.2 5.7 0.7 - - 45.9
  2003 2,889 25.8 11.9 7.4 5.9 0.6 - - 46.4
  2004 3,013 26.5 12.2 7.6 6.1 0.6 - - 47.1
  2005 3,166 27.2 12.5 7.9 6.2 0.6 - - 47.0
  2006 3,168 27.5 12.6 8.0 6.3 0.6 - - 46.9
  2007 3,348 29.4 13.1 8.9 6.0 0.6 0.4 0.4 47.6
  2008 3,413 30.0 13.1 9.0 6.2 0.6 0.4 0.7 48.2
  2009 3,278 30.1 13.1 9.1 6.2 0.6 0.4 0.8 49.0
  2010 3,254 30.4 13.0 9.2 6.4 0.6 0.4 0.8 49.1
Sales Workers  1966 1,793 4.2 2.4 1.4 0.2 0.2 - - 38.8
  1983 3,823 13.8 7.6 4.5 1.3 0.3 - - 53.6
  2002 7,848 26.8 13.0 9.8 3.4 0.6 - - 56.4
  2003 7,495 26.9 12.8 10.0 3.5 0.6 - - 56.1
  2004 7,862 27.8 13.2 10.3 3.6 0.7 - - 56.6
  2005 8,267 29.0 13.6 10.9 3.8 0.7 - - 57.2
  2006 8,340 29.8 13.9 11.3 3.9 0.7 - - 56.9
  2007 8,896 31.3 14.0 11.9 3.8 0.7 0.3 0.6 56.5
  2008 8,860 31.5 13.6 12.2 3.6 0.7 0.4 1.1 56.4
  2009 8,444 31.1 13.0 12.4 3.6 0.6 0.4 1.2 56.3
  2010 8,480 31.9 13.1 12.7 3.6 0.6 0.4 1.5 55.9
Office/Clerical 1966 4,132 5.7 3.5 1.7 0.4 0.1 - - 72.0
  1983 5,862 18.8 11.6 5.0 1.9 0.4 - - 84.4
  2002 7,396 30.1 15.9 9.7 3.9 0.6 - - 80.3
  2003 7,233 30.5 15.9 10.0 4.0 0.6 - - 79.8
  2004 7,374 31.0 15.9 10.4 4.1 0.6 - - 79.6
  2005 7,479 31.4 15.9 10.7 4.2 0.6 - - 79.5
  2006 7,594 32.3 16.2 11.1 4.4 0.6 - - 79.3
  2007 8,131 33.4 16.0 11.8 4.2 0.6 0.3 0.5 79.0
  2008 8,174 33.9 15.9 12.1 4.2 0.5 0.4 0.8 78.7
  2009 7,964 34.0 15.8 12.2 4.1 0.6 0.4 1.0 77.4
  2010 7,866 33.9 15.5 12.2 4.1 0.6 0.4 1.1 76.8
Technicians  1966 1,087 6.5 4.0 1.5 0.8 0.2 - - 22.6
  1983 2,032 15.8 8.9 3.7 2.8 0.3 - - 41.7
  2002 2,992 25.4 11.8 7.2 5.7 0.7 - - 45.9
  2003 2,889 25.8 11.9 7.4 5.9 0.6 - - 46.4
  2004 3,013 26.5 12.2 7.6 6.1 0.6 - - 47.1
  2005 3,166 27.2 12.5 7.9 6.2 0.6 - - 47.0
  2006 3,168 27.5 12.6 8.0 6.3 0.6 - - 46.9
  2007 3,348 29.4 13.1 8.9 6.0 0.6 0.4 0.4 47.6
  2008 3,413 30.0 13.1 9.0 6.2 0.6 0.4 0.7 48.2
  2009 3,278 30.1 13.1 9.1 6.2 0.6 0.4 0.8 49.0
  2010 3,254 30.4 13.0 9.2 6.4 0.6 0.4 0.8 49.1
Sales Workers  1966 1,793 4.2 2.4 1.4 0.2 0.2 - - 38.8
  1983 3,823 13.8 7.6 4.5 1.3 0.3 - - 53.6
  2002 7,848 26.8 13.0 9.8 3.4 0.6 - - 56.4
  2003 7,495 26.9 12.8 10.0 3.5 0.6 - - 56.1
  2004 7,862 27.8 13.2 10.3 3.6 0.7 - - 56.6
  2005 8,267 29.0 13.6 10.9 3.8 0.7 - - 57.2
  2006 8,340 29.8 13.9 11.3 3.9 0.7 - - 56.9
  2007 8,896 31.3 14.0 11.9 3.8 0.7 0.3 0.6 56.5
  2008 8,860 31.5 13.6 12.2 3.6 0.7 0.4 1.1 56.4
  2009 8,444 31.1 13.0 12.4 3.6 0.6 0.4 1.2 56.3
  2010 8,480 31.9 13.1 12.7 3.6 0.6 0.4 1.5 55.9
Office/Clerical 1966 4,132 5.7 3.5 1.7 0.4 0.1 - - 72.0
  1983 5,862 18.8 11.6 5.0 1.9 0.4 - - 84.4
  2002 7,396 30.1 15.9 9.7 3.9 0.6 - - 80.3
  2003 7,233 30.5 15.9 10.0 4.0 0.6 - - 79.8
  2004 7,374 31.0 15.9 10.4 4.1 0.6 - - 79.6
  2005 7,479 31.4 15.9 10.7 4.2 0.6 - - 79.5
  2006 7,594 32.3 16.2 11.1 4.4 0.6 - - 79.3
  2007 8,131 33.4 16.0 11.8 4.2 0.6 0.3 0.5 79.0
  2008 8,174 33.9 15.9 12.1 4.2 0.5 0.4 0.8 78.7
  2009 7,964 34.0 15.8 12.2 4.1 0.6 0.4 1.0 77.4
  2010 7,866 33.9 15.5 12.2 4.1 0.6 0.4 1.1 76.8
Service Workers  1966 1,857 27.5 22.6 4.1 0.5 0.3 - - 43.1
  1983 3,395 32.3 21.3 8.4 2.2 0.4 - - 56.1
  2002 6,592 46.2 23.3 18.3 3.8 0.8 - - 57.7
  2003 6,383 46.1 23.1 18.4 3.9 0.7 - - 57.9
  2004 6,949 46.7 23.1 19.0 3.9 0.7 - - 58.4
  2005 7,233 46.7 23.0 18.9 3.9 0.9 - - 58.5
  2006 7,536 47.8 23.2 19.8 4.1 0.7 - - 58.3
  2007 8,939 49.6 23.1 20.6 4.1 0.7 0.4 0.7 59.3
  2008 9,353 49.4 22.6 20.3 4.1 0.7 0.5 1.2 59.7
  2009 9,179 49.1 22.4 20.3 4.0 0.6 0.5 1.2 59.7
  2010 9,344 49.6 22.4 20.5 4.0 0.6 0.5 1.4 59.5

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports). Figures prior to 2005 were as reported in "Indicators of Equal Employment Opportunity", EEOC, (2004).


Footnote

1 Newly added job or race categories since 2007.