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2011 Introduction

In the 2011 survey year, over 67,900 employers submitted, as appropriate, individual establishment and headquarters reports. This section presents a brief narrative with graphs and tables as a preliminary analysis of the EEO-1 survey at the national level. The narrative is based on the numbers from the 2011 survey that covers employment from July through September of 2011 and contains counts of employees in ten job categories by gender and race/ethnicity from private employers with 100 or more employees and some federal government contractors and subcontractors of the United States.

Private sector in the 2011 EEO-1 survey employed a total of about 60.6 million workers across the country, up from the approximately 59.2 million reported in the 2010 survey (Table 1 and Table 2).1 Of this total, about 29.6 million or 48.8 percent were women and over 20.9 million or 34.5 percent were minorities. Employment patterns of women and minority groups in the 2011 private industry are the focus of this analysis.

WOMEN IN PRIVATE LABOR FORCE

This section describes the 29.6 million female workers in comparison with their male counterparts in U.S. private sector: their job patterns across ten occupational groups (see EEO-1 job groups at http://www.eeoc.gov/employers/eeo1survey/jobclassguide.cfm) and in twenty major industries as based on the two-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).

Gender Differences by Occupational Group

Among the ten major occupational groups measured in the 2011 EEO-1 survey, women significantly outnumbered men as Office & Clerical Workers and as Service Workers: over one- in-four of the Office & Clerical Workers (76.3 percent) and about 59.5 percent of the Service Workers were females (Figure 1). While men essentially dominated two occupational groups: Craft Workers (92.2 percent of the entire job group) and Operatives (77.1 percent of the entire job group) (Figure 1).

Women held more than half of the total Professional positions (53.4 percent, slightly higher than their 48.8 percent overall participation rate); approximately 27 percent of all the Executive/Senior Level Official and Managerial positions; and 39.9 percent of all the First/Mid Level Official and Managerial positions (Figure 1).

To focus exclusively on the approximately 29.6 million total female workers alone across the ten EEO-1 job categories as shown in Table 5 of Distribution of Gender and Race/Ethnicity by Occupation:

  • Over 0.9 percent of the 29.6 million women were Senior Officials and Managers, and
  • About 7.9 percent were Low-Mid level Officials and Managers, and
  • Over 19.8 percent were Professionals.

About one-in-five female employees were either a professional (19.8 percent), or a Clerical Worker (20.5 percent), or a Service worker (19.3 percent) in the 2011 private industry.

As a contrast, among the over 31 million male employees covered by the 2011 survey, a slightly smaller percentage was Professionals, but a considerably larger percentage was Senior or Low-Mid level Officials and Managers as shown below (Table 5):

  • About 2.4 percent were of the over 31 million men Senior Officials and Managers, and
  • Over 11.3 percent were Low-Mid level Officials and Managers, and
  • About 16.5 percent were Professionals.

While we see more male than female employees in the two EEO-1 management job categories, the average gender ratios of the First/Mid Officials and Managers to Executive/Senior Officials and Managers were estimated at:

  • 1 to 8.7 for female Officials and Managers, versus
  • 1 to 4.8 for male Officials and Managers.

These ratios indicate that in 2011 private sector nationwide, for each female Senior/Executive Official and Manager, there were 8.7 lower level Officials and Managers and for each male Senior/Executive Official and Manager there were 4.8 lower level Officials and Managers (Table 1). In other words, there were fewer female senior executives relative to their larger numbers in the pool of First/Mid-level officials and managers.. .

Gender Differences by Major Industries

Compared to their male counterparts, women had a higher concentration in the following three industries as shown in Figure 2:

  • Health Care and Social Assistance (78.4 percent), and
  • Educational Services (63.3 percent), and
  • Finance and Insurance (59 percent).

Also as listed in Figure 2, women had a slightly higher representation in the following four other industries than their 48 percent overall private-sector participation rate:

  • Other Services (except Public Administration) (52.8 percent), and
  • Retail Trade (52.1 percent), and
  • Accommodation and Food Services (51.2 percent), and
  • Management of Companies and Enterprises (51.9 percent).

Among the seven major private industries with prevailing female participation in Figure 3, larger shares of women than men were found in Official and Managerial positions in two industries: Health Care and Social Assistance and Educational Services:

  • 71.9 percent of First/Mid Level and 54.9 percent of Executive/Senior Level positions in Health Care and Social Assistance, and
  • 57.9 percent of First/Mid Level positions in Educational Services.

These numbers, however, should be considered in the context of an especially high female participation rate in the industries under discussion.

RACE AND ETHNICITY IN PRIVATE LABOR FORCE

The EEO-1 reports estimated a total of over 20.9 million minority employees working in the U.S. private industry in the survey year 2011. Minority groups captured in the 2011 data collection included Black or African Americans (Alone, Not Hispanic or Latino), Hispanics or Latinos (Alone), Asian Americans (Alone, Not Hispanic or Latino), American Indians (Alone, Not Hispanic or Latino), Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islanders (Alone, Not Hispanic or Latino) and people reported as Two or More Races (Not Hispanic or Latino). These minority groups together comprised approximately 34.5 percent of the 60.6 million total private-sector workforce in 2011 as shown in Table 1 and Table 2.

Occupational Distribution of Racial and Ethnic Minorities

Among the ten EEO-1 occupations shown in Figure 4 on Minority in Private Sector Job Categories, the six non-White minorities, as a group, held:

  • Over 16.2 percent of the approximate one million Executive/Senior Level Official and Managerial positions;
  • Over 21.2 percent of the total 5.9 million First/Mid Level Official and Managerial positions; and
  • About 25.2 percent of the about 11 million Professional positions.

These figures were clearly below their 34.5 percent overall private-sector representation as shown in Table 1 and Table 2.

Minorities, meanwhile, participated at a higher rate in three of the ten EEO-1 job categories than their overall private-sector presence as shown in Figure 4:

  • Laborers at 53.2 percent,
  • Service Workers at 49.8 percent, and
  • Operatives at about 39.2 percent.

Focusing exclusively on the total 20.9 million and over minority workforce as shown in Table 5 in terms of their 2011 distribution over the ten EEO-1 private-industry job categories:

  • 13.2 percent of the 20.9 million minority employees were Professionals;
  • 6.7 percent held Official and Managerial positions, of which:
    • Over 5.9 percent at the First/Mid Level, and
    • About 0.8 percent at the Executive/Senior Level (also shown in Figure 5).

The corresponding shares of the occupational distribution for the about 39.7 million total non-minority employees were 20.7 percent Professionals, 11.6 percent First/Mid Level Officials and Managers, and 2.1 percent Executive/Senior Level Officials and Managers (Figure 5).

In comparison with the 39.7 million non-minority counterparts, the 20.9 million and more employees in the six minority groups were twice as likely to work as Laborers and Service Workers in the 2011 private sector as shown in Figure 5:

  • Laborers: 10.3 percent of the minority groups versus 4.8 percent of the non-minority group, and
  • Service Workers: 22.8 percent of the minority groups versus 12.1 percent of the non-minority group.

Racial and Ethnic Minorities by Major Industry

In 2011, minorities, as a group, had a higher concentration than their White counterparts in three major industries as indicated in Figure 6:

  • Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (68.2 percent);
  • Waste Management and Remediation Services (49.4 percent); and
  • Accommodation and Food Services Preparations (48.3 percent).

Also indicated in Figure 6, minorities as a group, participated at a lower rate than their White counterparts in the following four major industries:

  • Mining and Utilities (22.7 percent and 24.0 percent, respectively);
  • Educational Services (27.4 percent);
  • Financial and Insurance (28.4 percent); and
  • Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services (28.0 percent).

Figure 7 lists the ten large private-sector industries with at least one-quarter minority participation in 2011. People of minority race/ethnic groups frequently held a higher percentage of the First/Mid Level Official and Managerial positions in:

  • 27.8 percent in Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting; and
  • 29.8 percent in Accommodation and Food Services.

In Accommodation and Food Services, people of minority race/ethnic groups represented 19.9 percent of the total Executive/Senior Level Official and Managerial positions, about 8 percentage points higher than the national average of 11.9 percent. These numbers, again, should be read in consideration of the minority participation rate in the specific industries.

Black or African Americans (Alone, Not Hispanic or Latino)

Over 13.5 percent of the 60.6 million private workforce reported in the EEO-1 survey were Black or African Americans (Table 2). They held

  • 2.8 percent of the total Executive/Senior Official and Managerial positions,
  • 7.3 percent of First/Mid Level Official and Managerial positions, and
  • 7.5 percent of the Professional positions (Figure 8).

Black/African American workers were overrepresented among Service Workers, Laborers, and Clerical workers. Specifically, they comprised

  • 22.5 percent of Service Workers,
  • 17.3 percent of Laborers,
  • 16.3 percent of Operatives (Figure 9), and
  • 15.5 percent of Clerical Workers (Table 9).

While both Black men and women were overrepresented among Service Workers, gender-based employment patterns were also apparent as indicated in Table 2.

Black women, while 7.5 percent of the total private labor force, were

  • 13.7 percent of all Service Workers,
  • 11.9 percent of all Clerical Workers,
  • 8.3 percent of all Sales Workers.

Black Men, while 6 percent of the total private labor force, were

  • 11.9 percent of all Operatives,
  • 11.7 percent of all Laborers,
  • 8.8 percent of all Service Workers, and
  • 7.6 percent of all Craft Workers.

Hispanics or Latinos (Alone)

The over 8.2 million Hispanic or Latino workers made up about 13.6 percent of the total private-sector workforce in the 2011 EEO-1 survey report (Table 1 and Table 2). For the first time in EEO-1 reporting, private-sector participation rate of the Hispanics has surpassed slightly that of the Blacks at 13.5 percent. Across ten job categories, they were

  • 3.6 percent of all the Executive/Senior Level Officials and Managers,
  • 7.6 percent of the First/Mid Level Officials and Managers, and
  • 5.4 percent of the Professionals (Figure 8).

Hispanics or Latinos accounted for almost one third of all the Laborers (30.2 percent) and were also employed in greater proportions as

  • Service Workers, 20.5 percent
  • Operatives, 17.3 percent, and
  • Craft Workers, 15.8 percent (Figure 9 and Table 2).

Both Hispanic men and women were overrepresented as Service Workers (9.6 and 10.9 percent respectively) and Laborers (20.5 and 9.7 percent respectively). But in sales and clerical work, only women were employed slightly out of proportion to their representation in total private sector employment as shown in Table 2.

Hispanic women, while 6.0 percent of total employment, were:

  • 9.1 percent of Clerical Workers, and
  • 7.5 percent of Sales Workers.

Hispanic men, while 7.4 percent of total employment, were

  • 14 percent of Craft Workers, and
  • 12.9 percent of Operatives.

Asian Americans (Alone, Not Hispanic or Latino)

The about 3.2 million Asian Americans accounted for approximately 5.3 percent of the total private industry employment (Table 1 and Table 2). They represented

  • 3.9 percent of all the Executive/Senior Level Officials and Managers,
  • 4.9 percent of all the First/Mid Level Officials and Managers,
  • 10.7 percent of all the Professionals, and
  • 6.2 percent of all the Technicians in the EEO-1 survey (Figure 8).

Asian women, while at 2.6 percent private industry participation rate, were

  • 5.0 percent of all the Professionals,
  • 2.9 percent of all the Clerical Workers, and
  • 2.8 percent of the entire Technicians.

Asian men, while at 2.7 percent private industry participation rate, were

  • 5.7 percent of all the Professionals,
  • 3.4 percent of all the Technicians,
  • 3.0 percent of all the First/Mid Level Officials and Managers.

Indeed as indicated in Table 5 on the Race/Ethnicity Group Distribution over EEO-1 job categories, more than one-in-three of the total 3.2 million Asian Americans in the 2011 private sector were Professionals (36.8 percent), a figure that was twice the national average of 18.1 percent for that job category (Table 5).

Other Minority Groups

Among other minority groups in the private industry reported in the EEO-1 survey, there were over 388,000 American Indians (more than 0.6 percent of the total private labor force), about 237,500 Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islanders (about 0.4 percent of the total workforce), and over 671,500 reported as Two or More Races (about 1.1 percent of the total workforce) (Table 1 and Table 2). Job patterns of these minority groups are presented in Figure 8 and Figure 9 along with other race/ethnic minority groups as discussed above.

List of Tables and Charts

Figure 1. Women in Private Sector by Job Categories U.S. Summary (2011)

figure1

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports), 2011. Totals may not add up due to rounding.

Women (%) Men (%)
Executive/Sr Level Officials & Managers 27.0 73.1
First/Mid Level Officials & Managers 39.9 60.1
Professionals 53.4 46.6
Technicians 49.3 50.7
Sales Workers 55.8 44.2
Office & Clerical Workers 76.3 23.7
Craft Workers 7.8 92.2
Operatives 22.9 77.1
Laborers 30.9 69.1
Service Workers 59.5 40.5
U.S. Total Employment 48.8 51.2

Figure 2. Women Employment in Private Sector by Industry Type U.S Summary (2011)

image004

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Establishment Reports), 2011.

Figure 3. Female Officials and Managers in Selected Private Sector Industries U.S. Summary (2011)

image005

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Establishment Reports), 2011.

Figure 4. Minorities in Private Sector by Job Categories U.S. Summary (2011)

figure4

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports), 2011.

  Minority (%) Non-Minority (%)
Executive/Sr. Level Official & Managers 16.2 83.8
First/Mid Level Officials & Managers 21.2 78.8
Professionals 25.2 74.8
Technicians 30.7 69.3
Sales Workers 32.8 67.2
Office & Clerical Workers 33.4 66.7
Craft Workers 28.3 71.7
Operatives 39.2 60.8
Laborers 53.2 46.9
Service Workers 49.8 50.2
Total Employment 34.52 65.48

Figure 5. Occupational Distribution of Minority Groups, U.S. Summary (2011)

image007

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports), 2011.

Minority (%) Non-Minority (%)
Executive/Sr. Level Officials & Managers 0.8 2.1
First/Mid Level Officials & Managers 5.9 11.6
Professionals 13.2 20.7
Technicians  4.8 5.8
Sales Workers 13.7 14.8
Office & Clerical Workers 13.0 13.1
Craft Workers 4.6 6.1
Operatives  10.7 8.8
Laborers  10.3 4.8
Service Workers  22.8 12.1
Total Employees (N) 20,918,982 39,678,433

Figure 6. Minority Employment in Private Sector by Industry Type U.S Summary (2011)

image008

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO Single and Establishment Reports), 2011.

Figure 7. Minority Officials and Managers in Selected Private Sector Industries U.S Summary (2011)

image009

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Establishment Reports), 2011.

Figure 8. Officials, Managers, and Professionals of Minority Race/Ethnic Groups U.S. Summary (2011)

figure8

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports), 2011.

OCCUPATION Black Hispanic Asian American Indians, Alaskan Native Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islander Two or More Races
Exec/Senior Level Officials/Managers 2.8 3.6 3.9 5.2 0.2 0.5
First/Mid Level Officials/Managers 7.3 7.6 4.9 0.4 0.3 0.7
Professionals 7.5 5.4 10.7 0.4 0.3 0.9
Minority Participation Rate 13.5 13.6 5.3 0.6 0.4 1.1

Figure 9. Operatives, Laborers, and Service Workers of Minority Race/Ethnic Groups U.S. Summary (2011)

figure9

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports), 2011.

OCCUPATION Black Hispanic Asian American Indians, Alaskan Native Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islander Two or More Races
Operatives 16.3 17.3 3.9 0.7 0.4 0.6
Laborers 17.3 30.2 3.5 0.6 0.5 1.0
Service Workers 22.5 20.5 4.1 0.6 0.5 1.5
Minority Participation Rate 13.5 13.6 5.3 0.6 0.4 1.1

Table 1. Occupational Employment in Private Sector by Gender and Race/Ethnicity Groups in Numbers (2011)

GENDER TOTAL EMPLOYMENT EXEC SR LVL OFFLS & MGR FIRST-MID LVL OFFLS & MGR PROFESSIONALS TECHNICIANS SALES WORKERS CLERICAL WORKERS CRAFT WORKERS OPERATIVES LABORERS SERVICE WORKERS
ALL EMPLOYEES 60,597,415 997,393 5,855,217 10,979,357 3,298,602 8,753,521 7,943,559 3,390,937 5,734,086 4,063,528 9,581,215
MEN 31,027,416 728,585 3,518,465 5,117,500 1,672,133 3,870,289 1,881,440 3,127,948 4,420,315 2,808,608 3,882,133
WOMEN 29,569,999 268,808 2,336,752 5,861,857 1,626,469 4,883,232 6,062,119 262,989 1,313,771 1,254,920 5,699,082
WHITE 39,678,433 835,428 4,613,694 8,214,297 2,285,931 5,881,901 5,215,310 2,431,119 3,490,132 1,903,875 4,806,746
MEN 20,624,380 605,519 2,825,246 3,878,381 1,192,954 2,707,276 1,169,176 2,268,564 2,784,723 1,352,764 1,839,777
WOMEN 19,054,053 229,909 1,788,448 4,335,916 1,092,977 3,174,625 4,046,134 162,555 705,409 551,111 2,966,969
BLACK 8,207,630 28,025 425,710 824,615 431,504 1,175,789 1,229,655 295,959 936,929 701,242 2,158,202
MEN 3,654,752 14,680 207,259 273,480 160,388 448,633 288,333 257,453 682,647 476,699 845,180
WOMEN 4,552,878 13,345 218,451 551,135 271,116 727,156 941,322 38,506 254,282 224,543 1,313,022
HISPANIC 8,221,060 35,860 447,525 592,507 313,234 1,141,510 993,503 514,588 990,886 1,227,018 1,964,429
MEN 4,456,479 23,865 266,430 266,322 174,956 483,071 273,898 473,941 740,541 833,272 920,183
WOMEN 3,764,581 11,995 181,095 326,185 138,278 658,439 719,605 40,647 250,345 393,746 1,044,246
ASIAN 3,193,336 39,213 288,105 1,173,492 204,940 313,388 325,687 90,786 221,790 144,010 391,925
MEN 1,642,995 29,012 176,055 622,835 111,621 134,118 98,499 75,216 141,055 85,672 168,912
WOMEN 1,550,341 10,201 112,050 550,657 93,319 179,270 227,188 15,570 80,735 58,338 223,013
AMERICAN INDIAN 388,004 52,255 23,724 41,973 18,686 54,164 45,459 27,709 38,412 24,864 60,758
MEN 221,289 51,343 13,799 17,784 9,286 20,912 13,131 25,585 29,397 17,300 22,752
WOMEN 166,715 912 9,925 24,189 9,400 33,252 32,328 2,124 9,015 7,564 38,006
HAWAIIAN 237,491 1,672 14,570 36,946 13,302 35,709 33,013 10,060 20,506 20,422 51,291
MEN 116,620 1,094 7,636 15,730 7,126 14,944 9,079 9,092 15,110 14,290 22,519
WOMEN 120,871 578 6,934 21,216 6,176 20,765 23,934 968 5,396 6,132 28,772
TWO OR MORE RACES 671,461 4,940 41,889 95,527 31,005 151,060 100,932 20,716 35,431 42,097 147,864
MEN 310,901 3,072 22,040 42,968 15,802 61,335 29,324 18,097 26,842 28,611 62,810
WOMEN 360,560 1,868 19,849 52,559 15,203 89,725 71,608 2,619 8,589 13,486 85,054

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports), 2011.

Table 2. Occupational Employment in Private Sector by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in Percentages (2011)

GENDER TOTAL EMPLOYMENT EXEC SR LVL OFFLS & MGR FIRST-MID LVL OFFLS & MGR PROFESSIONALS TECHNICIANS SALES WORKERS CLERICAL WORKERS CRAFT WORKERS OPERATIVES LABORERS SERVICE WORKERS
ALL EMPLOYEES 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
MEN 51.20 73.05 60.09 46.61 50.69 44.21 23.69 92.24 77.09 69.12 40.52
WOMEN 48.80 26.95 39.91 53.39 49.31 55.79 76.31 7.76 22.91 30.88 59.48
WHITE 65.48 83.76 78.80 74.82 69.30 67.19 65.65 71.69 60.87 46.85 50.17
MEN 34.04 60.71 48.25 35.32 36.17 30.93 14.72 66.90 48.56 33.29 19.20
WOMEN 31.44 23.05 30.54 39.49 33.13 36.27 50.94 4.79 12.30 13.56 30.97
BLACK 13.54 2.81 7.27 7.51 13.08 13.43 15.48 8.73 16.34 17.26 22.53
MEN 6.03 1.47 3.54 2.49 4.86 5.13 3.63 7.59 11.91 11.73 8.82
WOMEN 7.51 1.34 3.73 5.02 8.22 8.31 11.85 1.14 4.43 5.53 13.70
HISPANIC 13.57 3.60 7.64 5.40 9.50 13.04 12.51 15.18 17.28 30.20 20.50
MEN 7.35 2.39 4.55 2.43 5.30 5.52 3.45 13.98 12.91 20.51 9.60
WOMEN 6.21 1.20 3.09 2.97 4.19 7.52 9.06 1.20 4.37 9.69 10.90
ASIAN 5.27 3.93 4.92 10.69 6.21 3.58 4.10 2.68 3.87 3.54 4.09
MEN 2.71 2.91 3.01 5.67 3.38 1.53 1.24 2.22 2.46 2.11 1.76
WOMEN 2.56 1.02 1.91 5.02 2.83 2.05 2.86 0.46 1.41 1.44 2.33
AMERICAN INDIAN 0.64 5.24 0.41 0.38 0.57 0.62 0.57 0.82 0.67 0.61 0.63
MEN 0.37 5.15 0.24 0.16 0.28 0.24 0.17 0.75 0.51 0.43 0.24
WOMEN 0.28 0.09 0.17 0.22 0.28 0.38 0.41 0.06 0.16 0.19 0.40
HAWAIIAN 0.39 0.17 0.25 0.34 0.40 0.41 0.42 0.30 0.36 0.50 0.54
MEN 0.19 0.11 0.13 0.14 0.22 0.17 0.11 0.27 0.26 0.35 0.24
WOMEN 0.20 0.06 0.12 0.19 0.19 0.24 0.30 0.03 0.09 0.15 0.30
TWO OR MORE RACES 1.11 0.50 0.72 0.87 0.94 1.73 1.27 0.61 0.62 1.04 1.54
MEN 0.51 0.31 0.38 0.39 0.48 0.70 0.37 0.53 0.47 0.70 0.66
WOMEN 0.60 0.19 0.34 0.48 0.46 1.03 0.90 0.08 0.15 0.33 0.89

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports), 2011.

Table 3. Occupational Employment in Private Sector by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in Numbers (2011)

GENDER TOTAL EMPLOYMENT EXEC SR LVL OFFLS & MGR FIRST-MID LVL OFFLS & MGR PROFESSIONALS TECHNICIANS SALES WORKERS CLERICAL WORKERS CRAFT WORKERS OPERATIVES LABORERS SERVICE WORKERS
ALL EMPLOYEES 48,653,932 833,406 4,472,760 9,678,956 2,789,459 5,538,457 6,391,032 2,883,205 4,998,078 3,563,415 7,505,164
MEN 25,278,488 594,001 2,752,087 4,491,519 1,389,949 2,546,275 1,564,846 2,654,512 3,781,402 2,424,911 3,078,986
WOMEN 23,375,444 239,405 1,720,673 5,187,437 1,399,510 2,992,182 4,826,186 228,693 1,216,676 1,138,504 4,426,178
WHITE 31,808,706 735,530 3,557,852 7,227,750 1,931,406 3,745,585 4,166,021 2,058,261 3,008,159 1,631,117 3,747,025
MEN 16,783,342 529,971 2,220,998 3,388,390 987,744 1,806,091 975,763 1,917,708 2,359,676 1,141,499 1,455,502
WOMEN 15,025,364 205,559 1,336,854 3,839,360 943,662 1,939,494 3,190,258 140,553 648,483 489,618 2,291,523
BLACK 6,653,519 24,199 307,821 718,507 370,730 737,861 1,051,918 254,374 835,198 623,034 1,729,877
MEN 2,980,442 12,572 155,149 236,413 135,451 285,053 248,111 220,472 596,669 417,336 673,216
WOMEN 3,673,077 11,627 152,672 482,094 235,279 452,808 803,807 33,902 238,529 205,698 1,056,661
HISPANIC 6,493,894 30,382 310,623 509,946 256,772 700,604 772,365 442,023 866,675 1,100,816 1,503,688
MEN 3,613,599 20,284 194,721 231,701 143,159 303,425 218,730 406,336 635,479 736,557 723,207
WOMEN 2,880,295 10,098 115,902 278,245 113,613 397,179 553,635 35,687 231,196 364,259 780,481
ASIAN 2,742,828 35,336 239,242 1,071,594 179,221 210,998 257,194 79,649 207,370 133,542 328,682
MEN 1,429,153 26,060 148,857 568,682 97,660 91,046 79,401 65,935 129,708 78,443 143,361
WOMEN 1,313,675 9,276 90,385 502,912 81,561 119,952 177,793 13,714 77,662 55,099 185,321
AMERICAN INDIAN 265,187 2,353 17,168 36,320 15,275 33,567 37,264 23,574 33,355 21,258 45,053
MEN 138,454 1,572 10,514 15,283 7,447 13,303 11,498 21,743 25,135 14,606 17,353
WOMEN 126,733 781 6,654 21,037 7,828 20,264 25,766 1,831 8,220 6,652 27,700
HAWAIIAN 188,923 1,443 10,575 32,536 11,105 21,701 26,662 8,447 17,843 17,778 40,833
MEN 93,819 935 5,662 13,749 5,804 9,206 7,489 7,622 12,821 12,207 18,324
WOMEN 95,104 508 4,913 18,787 5,301 12,495 19,173 825 5,022 5,571 22,509
TWO OR MORE RACES 500,875 4,163 29,479 82,303 24,950 88,141 79,608 16,877 29,478 35,870 110,006
MEN 239,679 2,607 16,186 37,301 12,684 38,151 23,854 14,696 21,914 24,263 48,023
WOMEN 261,196 1,556 13,293 45,002 12,266 49,990 55,754 2,181 7,564 11,607 61,983

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Establishment Reports), 2011.

Table 4. Occupational Employment in Private Sector by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in Percentages (2011)

GENDER TOTAL EMPLOYMENT EXEC SR LVL OFFLS & MGR FIRST-MID LVL OFFLS & MGR PROFESSIONALS TECHNICIANS SALES WORKERS CLERICAL WORKERS CRAFT WORKERS OPERATIVES LABORERS SERVICE WORKERS
ALL EMPLOYEES 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
MEN 51.96 71.27 61.53 46.40 49.83 45.97 24.49 92.07 75.66 68.05 41.02
WOMEN 48.04 28.73 38.47 53.60 50.17 54.03 75.51 7.93 24.34 31.95 58.98
WHITE 65.38 88.26 79.54 74.67 69.24 67.63 65.19 71.39 60.19 45.77 49.93
MEN 34.50 63.59 49.66 35.01 35.41 32.61 15.27 66.51 47.21 32.03 19.39
WOMEN 30.88 24.66 29.89 39.67 33.83 35.02 49.92 4.87 12.97 13.74 30.53
BLACK 13.68 2.90 6.88 7.42 13.29 13.32 16.46 8.82 16.71 17.48 23.05
MEN 6.13 1.51 3.47 2.44 4.86 5.15 3.88 7.65 11.94 11.71 8.97
WOMEN 7.55 1.40 3.41 4.98 8.43 8.18 12.58 1.18 4.77 5.77 14.08
HISPANIC 13.35 3.65 6.94 5.27 9.21 12.65 12.09 15.33 17.34 30.89 20.04
MEN 7.43 2.43 4.35 2.39 5.13 5.48 3.42 14.09 12.71 20.67 9.64
WOMEN 5.92 1.21 2.59 2.87 4.07 7.17 8.66 1.24 4.63 10.22 10.40
ASIAN 5.64 4.24 5.35 11.07 6.42 3.81 4.02 2.76 4.15 3.75 4.38
MEN 2.94 3.13 3.33 5.88 3.50 1.64 1.24 2.29 2.60 2.20 1.91
WOMEN 2.70 1.11 2.02 5.20 2.92 2.17 2.78 0.48 1.55 1.55 2.47
AMERICAN INDIAN 0.55 0.28 0.38 0.38 0.55 0.61 0.58 0.82 0.67 0.60 0.60
MEN 0.28 0.19 0.24 0.16 0.27 0.24 0.18 0.75 0.50 0.41 0.23
WOMEN 0.26 0.09 0.15 0.22 0.28 0.37 0.40 0.06 0.16 0.19 0.37
HAWAIIAN 0.39 0.17 0.24 0.34 0.40 0.39 0.42 0.29 0.36 0.50 0.54
MEN 0.19 0.11 0.13 0.14 0.21 0.17 0.12 0.26 0.26 0.34 0.24
WOMEN 0.20 0.06 0.11 0.19 0.19 0.23 0.30 0.03 0.10 0.16 0.30
TWO OR MORE RACES 1.03 0.50 0.66 0.85 0.89 1.59 1.25 0.59 0.59 1.01 1.47
MEN 0.49 0.31 0.36 0.39 0.45 0.69 0.37 0.51 0.44 0.68 0.64
WOMEN 0.54 0.19 0.30 0.46 0.44 0.90 0.87 0.08 0.15 0.33 0.83

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Establishment Reports), 2011.

Table 5. Distribution of Gender and Race/Ethnicity Group by Occupation in Private Sector in Percentages (2011)

RACE/ETHNICITY GENDER TOTAL EMPLOYMENT EXEC SR LVL OFFLS & MGR FIRST-MID LVL OFFLS & MGR PROFESSIONALS TECHNICIANS SALES WORKERS CLERICAL WORKERS CRAFT WORKERS OPERATIVES LABORERS SERVICE WORKERS
ALL EMPLOYEES 100.00 1.65 9.66 18.12 5.44 14.45 13.11 5.60 9.46 6.71 15.81
MEN 100.00 2.35 11.34 16.49 5.39 12.47 6.06 10.08 14.25 9.05 12.51
WOMEN 100.00 0.91 7.90 19.82 5.50 16.51 20.50 0.89 4.44 4.24 19.27
WHITE 100.00 2.11 11.63 20.70 5.76 14.82 13.14 6.13 8.80 4.80 12.11
MEN 100.00 2.94 13.70 18.80 5.78 13.13 5.67 11.00 13.50 6.56 8.92
WOMEN 100.00 1.21 9.39 22.76 5.74 16.66 21.24 0.85 3.70 2.89 15.57
BLACK 100.00 0.34 5.19 10.05 5.26 14.33 14.98 3.61 11.42 8.54 26.30
MEN 100.00 0.40 5.67 7.48 4.39 12.28 7.89 7.04 18.68 13.04 23.13
WOMEN 100.00 0.29 4.80 12.11 5.95 15.97 20.68 0.85 5.59 4.93 28.84
HISPANIC 100.00 0.44 5.44 7.21 3.81 13.89 12.08 6.26 12.05 14.93 23.90
MEN 100.00 0.54 5.98 5.98 3.93 10.84 6.15 10.63 16.62 18.70 20.65
WOMEN 100.00 0.32 4.81 8.66 3.67 17.49 19.12 1.08 6.65 10.46 27.74
ASIAN 100.00 1.23 9.02 36.75 6.42 9.81 10.20 2.84 6.95 4.51 12.27
MEN 100.00 1.77 10.72 37.91 6.79 8.16 6.00 4.58 8.59 5.21 10.28
WOMEN 100.00 0.66 7.23 35.52 6.02 11.56 14.65 1.00 5.21 3.76 14.38
AMERICAN INDIAN 100.00 13.47 6.11 10.82 4.82 13.96 11.72 7.14 9.90 6.41 15.66
MEN 100.00 23.20 6.24 8.04 4.20 9.45 5.93 11.56 13.28 7.82 10.28
WOMEN 100.00 0.55 5.95 14.51 5.64 19.95 19.39 1.27 5.41 4.54 22.80
HAWAIIAN 100.00 0.70 6.13 15.56 5.60 15.04 13.90 4.24 8.63 8.60 21.60
MEN 100.00 0.94 6.55 13.49 6.11 12.81 7.79 7.80 12.96 12.25 19.31
WOMEN 100.00 0.48 5.74 17.55 5.11 17.18 19.80 0.80 4.46 5.07 23.80
TWO OR MORE RACES 100.00 0.74 6.24 14.23 4.62 22.50 15.03 3.09 5.28 6.27 22.02
MEN 100.00 0.99 7.09 13.82 5.08 19.73 9.43 5.82 8.63 9.20 20.20
WOMEN 100.00 0.52 5.51 14.58 4.22 24.88 19.86 0.73 2.38 3.74 23.59

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports), 2011.


Footnote

1 Please note the data source citation in parentheses and at the bottom of each chart/table. Aggregates in Table 1, Table 2, and Table 5 were derived from single and consolidated reports, which were used mostly for our race, gender, and job group analysis. Table 3 and Table 4 were summaries from single and establishment reports, which were used mainly in our reporting of industrial and geographical groups. For further details on EEO-1 report types, go to http://www.eeoc.gov/employers/eeo1survey/index.cfm.