Job Patterns For Minorities And Women In Private Industry, 2008
Introduction

This section presents a brief narrative with graphs and tables as a preliminary analysis of the EEO-1 survey at national level.  The narrative uses the numbers from the 2008 survey that covers employment from July through September of 2008 and contains counts of employees in ten job categories by gender and race/ethnicity from private employers with 100 or more employees and some federal government contractors and subcontractors of the Unites States.  Women, minorities, and their employment patterns in private industry are the focus of this analysis.

Since 2007, the state of Hawaii is included in all geography and industry aggregates since complete data is now collected from employers in that state.  The survey report form includes two additional job categories:

It also includes two additional race groups:

Starting in 2008, the EEO-1 data collection and summary reports use the 2007 NAICS codes, a newer revision of the 2002 NAICS codes used in 2007 EEO-1 survey (http://www.census.gov/epcd/naics07).   

Highlights/Summary

In 2008, over 68,300 employers submitted, as appropriate, individual establishment and headquarters reports, an increase of over 500 companies from the 67,800 of the previous year.  Overall, the EEO-1 survey covered approximately 62.2 million private industry workers employed across the country.  Of this total, over 30.2 million or 48.6 percent were women and about 21.3 million or 34.2 percent were minorities (Table 1 and Table 2).1

Gender Differences by Occupation

Of the ten occupational groups measured in the EEO-1 survey, women significantly outnumbered men as Office & Clerical Workers and as Service Workers: nearly four out of five Office & Clerical Workers (78.7 percent) and about 60.0 percent of the Service Workers were females (Figure 3).   

Among the 30.2 million female employees covered by the EEO-1 survey:

Among the 31.9 million male employees covered by the survey, a slightly smaller percentage was Professionals but a considerably larger percentage was Officials and Managers:

Women occupied more than half of the total Professional positions (53.0 percent, slightly higher than their overall 48.6 participation rate), 27.5 percent of the total Executive/Senior Level Official and Managerial positions, and 39.2 percent of the total First/Mid Level Official and Managerial positions (Figure 3).  

The average ratio of Executive/Senior to First/Mid positions was

These ratios indicate that nationwide for each female Senior/Executive Official and Manager there were 8.1 lower level Officials and Managers and for each male Senior/Executive Official and Manager there were 4.8 lower level Officials and Managers in private sector (Table 1 and Table 2).

Gender Differences by Industry

Compared to their male counterparts, women had a higher concentration in the following three industries (Figure 1):

Larger shares of women than men were found in Official and Managerial positions in two of these industries: Health Care and Social Assistance and Educational Services (Figure 5):

This data should be interpreted in light of the very high female participation rate in these industries (see Figure 5).  Female Officials and Managers in these two industries, moreover, had an Executive/Senior level to First/Mid level ratio of 1:4.3 (Health Care) and 1:3 (Education), lower than the national overall average ratio of 1:8.1.

Race and Ethnicity in the Private Labor Force

There were approximately 21.3 million minority employees in the private sector in 2008.  Minority groups captured in 2008 survey included Black or African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans, American Indians, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islanders and people reported as Two or More Races.  They comprised over 34.4 percent of the total private labor force (Table 1).

The corresponding rates for the 40.9 million non-minority employees were 19.4 percent Professionals, 11.5 percent First/Mid Level Officials and Managers, and 2.1 percent Executive/Senior Level Officials and Managers (Table 1).  

Racial and Ethnic Minorities by Industry

Compared to their overall 34.4 percent participation rate in the private sector, minorities, as a group, had a higher concentration in three industries (Figure 2):

Minorities as a group were employed in slightly higher proportions in:

Across all the industries in the nation as a whole, racial and ethnic minorities held 12.0 percent of all Executive/Senior Level Official and Manager positions and 19.8 percent of Firs/Mid Level Official and Manager positions (Table 3 and Table 4).  In industries with above-average minority employment, people of minority race/ethnic groups frequently held a higher percentage of First/Mid Level Official and Managerial positions (Figure 6):

In Accommodation and Food Services, people of minority race/ethnic groups represented 21.6 percent of the total Executive/Senior Level Official and Managerial positions, about 10 percentage points higher than the national average of 12 percent.  These numbers, again, should be read in consideration of the minority participation rate in specific industries (Figure 6). 

Occupational Distribution of Racial and Ethnic Minorities

Among the ten occupational categories measured in the 2008 EEO-1 survey shown in Figure 4, minorities, as a group, held:

These figures were clearly below their overall private industry representation of 34.2 percent.  

Minorities, meanwhile, were employed at a higher rate in three of the ten occupations measured in the EEO-1 survey also shown in Figure 4:

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICANS  

Approximately 13.9 percent of the total private labor force reported in the EEO-1 survey was Black or African American (Table 2).  They held

Black/African American workers were overrepresented among the Service Workers, Laborers, and Clerical workers as shown in Figure 8.  They comprised

While both Black men and women were overrepresented among Service Workers, gender-based employment patterns were apparent as indicated in Table 2.

Black women, 7.7 percent of the total private labor force, were

Black Men, 6.2 percent of the total private labor force, were

HISPANICS OR LATINOS

Hispanics made up 13.6 percent of the total private labor force in the overall 2008 EEO-1 survey report (Table 2).  As shown in Figure 7, they held

Hispanics/Latinos were almost one third of all Laborers (29.8 percent) (Figure 4) and were also employed in greater proportions as

Both Hispanic men and women were overrepresented as Service Workers (9.7 and 10.7 percent respectively) and Laborers (20.4 and 9.4 percent respectively).  But in sales and clerical work, only women were employed out of proportion to their representation in total employment as shown in Table 2.  

Hispanic women, 6.0 percent of total employment, were:

Hispanic men, 7.6 percent of total employment, were

ASIAN AMERICANS

Asian Americans accounted for 5.0 percent of the total private industry employment (Table 2).  As shown in Figure 7, they held

In 2008, over one third of the 3.1 million Asian Americans in the private sector were Professionals (34.1 percent), a figure that was twice the national average (16.9 percent) for that occupational group (Table 1).  Asian men, 2.6 percent of total employment, held 5.4 of Professional jobs and were 3.5 percent of Technicians and 2.8 percent of First/Mid Level Officials and Managers.  Asian women, 2.4 percent of total employment, held 4.8 percent of Professional jobs, 3.0 percent of Clerical jobs, and 2.7 percent of Technician jobs (Table 2).

On the other minority groups in the private industry of the EEO-1 survey, there were about 361,400 American Indians (0.6 percent of the total private labor force), about 226,600 Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islanders (0.4 percent of the total labor force), and about 477,400 reported as Two or More Races (0.8 percent of the labor force) (Table 1 and Table 2).

1 Aggregates from single and consolidated reports were used in our analysis of population groups as shown in Table 1 (number) and Table 2 (percent).  Aggregates from single and establishment reports were used in our industry group analysis as shown in Table 3 (number) and Table 4 (percent).  Types of report aggregate are specified in the data source citation at the bottom of each chart or table.

List of Tables and Charts

Figure 1. Women Employment in Private Sector by Industry Type
U.S. Summary (2008)

Women Employment %

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Establishment Reports), 2008.



Women (%)
Accommodation and Food Services 51.3
Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 44.4
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting 33.4
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation 46.7
Construction 10.6
Educational Services 63.3
Finance and Insurance 60.3
Health Care and Social Assistance 79.2
Information 44.8
Management of Companies and Enterprises 50.2
Manufacturing 30.1
Mining 14.1
Other Services (except Public Administration) 52.8
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 42.0
Public Administration 45.4
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing 44.9
Retail Trade 53.0
Transportation and Warehousing 26.3
Utilities 25.1
Wholesale Trade 32.8
U.S. 47.8

Figure 2. Minority Employment in Private Sector by Industry Type
U.S. Summary (2008)

Minority Employment %

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Establishment Reports), 2008.


Minority (%)
Accommodation and Food Services 47.8
Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 50.9
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting 67.3
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation 35.6
Construction 34.7
Educational Services 26.8
Finance and Insurance 28.6
Health Care and Social Assistance 34.3
Information 31.0
Management of Companies and Enterprises 28.2
Manufacturing 31.2
Mining 23.3
Other Services (except Public Administration) 38.4
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 28.2
Public Administration 34.7
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing 35.6
Retail Trade 34.2
Transportation and Warehousing 35.7
Utilities 22.9
Wholesale Trade 30.2
U.S.. 34.4

Figure 3. Women in Private Sector by Job Categories
U.S. Summary (2008)

Women in Private Sector %
Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (Single and Consolidated Reports, 2008).


Women (%) Men
Executive/Sr Level Officials & Managers 27.5 72.5
First/Mid Level Officials & Managers 39.2 60.8
Professionals 53.0 47.0
Technicians 48.2 51.8
Sales Workers 56.4 43.6
Office & Clerical Workers 78.7 21.3
Craft Workers 9.0 91.0
Operatives 24.1 75.9
Laborers 32.2 67.8
Service Workers 59.7 40.3
Total Employment
48.6 51.4

Figure 4. Minorities in Private Sector by Job Categories
U.S. Summary (2008)

Minorities in Private Sector %
Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (Single and Consolidated Reports, 2008).


Minority (%) Non-Minority
Executive/Sr Level Officials & Managers 15.9 84.1
First/Mid Level Officials & Managers 20.6 79.4
Professionals 24.5 75.5
Technicians 30.0 70.0
Sales Workers 31.5 68.5
Office & Clerical Workers 33.9 66.1
Craft Workers 28.9 71.1
Operatives 39.6 60.4
Laborers 52.6 47.4
Service Workers 49.4 50.6
Total Employment 34.2 65.8


Figure 5. Female Officials and Managers in Selected Private Sector Industries
U.S. Summary (2008)

Women %
Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (Single and Establishment Reports, 2008).


Participation Rate (%) Executive/Senior Level Officials &Managers (%) First/Mid Level Officials & Managers (%)
Health Care and Social Assistance 79.2 58.2 71.5
Educational Services 63.3 45.8 56.5
Finance and Insurance 60.3 30.3 48.7
Retail Trade 53.0 28.2 40.2
Other Services (except Public Administration) 52.8 36.5 44.9
Public Administration 45.4 40.6 52.4
Accommodation and Food Services 51.3 32.9 40.3
Management of Companies and Enterprises 50.2 26.7 41.2
U.S. 47.8 29.0 37.5

Figure 6. Minority Officials and Managers in Selected Private Sector Industries
U.S. Summary (2008)

Minority %
Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (Single and Establishment Reports, 2008).


Employment Rate (%) Executive/Senior Level Officials & Managers (%) First/Mid Level Officials & Managers (%)
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting 67.3 11.7 28.2
Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 50.9 14.3 26.0
Accommodation and Food Services 47.8 21.6 29.5
Other Services (except Public Administration) 38.4 14.5 24.0
Construction 34.7 7.8 14.7
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing 35.6 12.3 19.8
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation 35.6 11.5 21.4
Transportation and Warehousing 35.7 10.7 24.5
US 34.4 12.0 19.8

Figure 7. Officials, Managers, and Professionals by Minority Groups
Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports, 2008).

OCCUPATION Black Hispanic Asian American Indians, Alaskan Native Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islander Two or More Races
Exec Senior Level Officials/Managers 3.3 8.1 3.7 0.3 0.2 0.4
First/Mid Level Officials/Managers 7.6 7.4 4.5 0.4 0.2 0.5
Professionals 7.7 5.2 10.1 0.4 0.3 0.7
Total Employment 13.9 13.6 5.0 0.6 0.4 0.8

Figure 8. Operatives, Laborers, and Service Workers by Minority Groups
U.S. Summary 2008



Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports, 2008).

OCCUPATION Black Hispanic Asian American Indians, Alaskan Native Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islander Two or More Races
Operatives 16.8 17.6 3.8 0.7 0.3 0.4
Laborers 17.7 29.8 3.2 0.7 0.5 0.8
Service Workers 22.6 20.3 4.0 0.7 0.5 1.2
Total Employment 13.9 13.6 5.0 0.6 0.4 0.8

Table 1. Occupational Employment in Private Sector by Gender and Race/Ethnicity Groups in Numbers (2008)
RACE/ETHNICITY GENDER TOTAL EMPLOYMENT EXEC SR LVL OFFLS & MGR FIRST-MID LVL OFFLS & MGR PROFESSIONALS TECHNICIANS SALES WORKERS CLERICAL WORKERS CRAFT WORKERS OPERATIVES LABORERS SERVICE WORKERS
ALL EMPLOYEES 62,153,609 1,041,409 5,902,020 10,486,457 3,412,541 8,860,366 8,173,552 3,819,723 6,350,661 4,753,499 9,353,381
MEN 31,935,074 755,127 3,587,977 4,932,355 1,768,004 3,862,532 1,744,766 3,475,115 4,819,462 3,222,240 3,767,496
WOMEN 30,218,535 286,282 2,314,043 5,554,102 1,644,537 4,997,834 6,428,786 344,608 1,531,199 1,531,259 5,585,885
WHITE 40,885,219 875,556 4,686,959 7,921,188 2,388,643 6,070,905 5,399,863 2,717,014 3,837,218 2,251,157 4,736,716
MEN 21,275,074 633,480 2,900,836 3,788,450 1,273,814 2,757,773 1,079,083 2,503,348 3,009,098 1,546,614 1,782,578
WOMEN 19,610,145 242,076 1,786,123 4,132,738 1,114,829 3,313,132 4,320,780 213,666 828,120 704,543 2,954,138
BLACK 8,620,069 34,514 447,398 812,182 448,460 1,203,080 1,300,560 352,417 1,064,200 842,846 2,114,412
MEN 3,847,847 17,335 223,401 272,011 171,765 446,116 274,801 297,825 764,335 559,524 820,734
WOMEN 4,772,222 17,179 223,997 540,171 276,695 756,964 1,025,759 54,592 299,865 283,322 1,293,678
HISPANIC 8,468,277 84,033 436,924 542,785 306,165 1,079,810 990,251 593,976 1,115,902 1,415,804 1,902,627
MEN 4,709,707 71,035 263,745 251,626 175,514 450,132 256,629 541,282 826,529 967,381 905,834
WOMEN 3,758,570 12,998 173,179 291,159 130,651 629,678 733,622 52,694 289,373 448,423 996,793
ASIAN 3,114,693 38,058 264,443 1,063,172 212,092 320,065 343,925 100,586 241,810 153,269 377,273
MEN 1,596,469 27,557 163,143 561,245 118,699 136,984 101,005 82,347 152,117 88,416 164,956
WOMEN 1,518,224 10,501 101,300 501,927 93,393 183,081 242,920 18,239 89,693 64,853 212,317
AMERICAN INDIAN 361,399 3,171 24,889 40,172 20,398 57,971 44,940 31,225 43,910 32,784 61,939
MEN 182,754 2,010 14,620 18,010 10,548 21,287 9,749 28,461 32,740 21,686 23,643
WOMEN 178,645 1,161 10,269 22,162 9,850 36,684 35,191 2,764 11,170 11,098 38,296
HAWAIIAN 226,589 2,078 13,065 34,271 12,069 33,979 29,293 9,249 22,217 21,783 48,585
MEN 109,771 1,277 6,963 14,282 6,324 14,458 7,339 8,243 15,339 14,411 21,135
WOMEN 116,818 801 6,102 19,989 5,745 19,521 21,954 1,006 6,878 7,372 27,450
TWO OR MORE RACES 477,363 3,999 28,342 72,687 24,714 94,556 64,720 15,256 25,404 35,856 111,829
MEN 213,452 2,433 15,269 26,731 11,340 35,782 16,160 13,609 19,304 24,208 48,616
WOMEN 263,911 1,566 13,073 45,956 13,374 58,774 48,560 1,647 6,100 11,648 63,213

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports), 2008.


Table 2. Occupational Employment in Private Sector by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in Percentages (2008)
RACE/ETHNICITY GENDER TOTAL EMPLOYMENT EXEC SR LVL OFFLS & MGR FIRST-MID LVL OFFLS & MGR PROFESSIONALS TECHNICIANS SALES WORKERS CLERICAL WORKERS CRAFT WORKERS OPERATIVES LABORERS SERVICE WORKERS
ALL EMPLOYEES 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
MEN 51.4 72.5 60.8 47.0 51.8 43.6 21.3 91.0 75.9 67.8 40.3
WOMEN 48.6 27.5 39.2 53.0 48.2 56.4 78.7 9.0 24.1 32.2 59.7
WHITE 65.8 84.1 79.4 75.5 70.0 68.5 66.1 71.1 60.4 47.4 50.6
MEN 34.2 60.8 49.1 36.1 37.3 31.1 13.2 65.5 47.4 32.5 19.1
WOMEN 31.6 23.2 30.3 39.4 32.7 37.4 52.9 5.6 13.0 14.8 31.6
BLACK 13.9 3.3 7.6 7.7 13.1 13.6 15.9 9.2 16.8 17.7 22.6
MEN 6.2 1.7 3.8 2.6 5.0 5.0 3.4 7.8 12.0 11.8 8.8
WOMEN 7.7 1.6 3.8 5.2 8.1 8.5 12.5 1.4 4.7 6.0 13.8
HISPANIC 13.6 8.1 7.4 5.2 9.0 12.2 12.1 15.6 17.6 29.8 20.3
MEN 7.6 6.8 4.5 2.4 5.1 5.1 3.1 14.2 13.0 20.4 9.7
WOMEN 6.0 1.2 2.9 2.8 3.8 7.1 9.0 1.4 4.6 9.4 10.7
ASIAN 5.0 3.7 4.5 10.1 6.2 3.6 4.2 2.6 3.8 3.2 4.0
MEN 2.6 2.6 2.8 5.4 3.5 1.5 1.2 2.2 2.4 1.9 1.8
WOMEN 2.4 1.0 1.7 4.8 2.7 2.1 3.0 0.5 1.4 1.4 2.3
AMERICAN INDIAN 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
MEN 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.3
WOMEN 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4
HAWAIIAN 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.5
MEN 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
WOMEN 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3
TWO OR MORE RACES 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.8 1.2
MEN 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5
WOMEN 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.7

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Consolidated Reports), 2008.

Table 3. Occupational Employment in Private Sector by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in Numbers (2008)
RACE/ETHNICITY GENDER TOTAL EMPLOYMENT EXEC SR LVL OFFLS & MGR FIRST-MID LVL OFFLS & MGR PROFESSIONALS TECHNICIANS SALES WORKERS CLERICAL WORKERS CRAFT WORKERS OPERATIVES LABORERS SERVICE WORKERS
ALL EMPLOYEES 50,632,556 872,386 4,548,289 9,292,967 2,946,127 5,775,889 6,609,940 3,326,288 5,628,180 4,257,063 7,375,427
MEN 26,420,993 619,778 2,840,868 4,339,470 1,503,704 2,600,890 1,440,272 3,025,841 4,191,081 2,851,720 3,007,369
WOMEN 24,211,563 252,608 1,707,421 4,953,497 1,442,423 3,174,999 5,169,668 300,447 1,437,099 1,405,343 4,368,058
WHITE 33,205,993 767,735 3,646,108 7,012,855 2,060,640 3,989,819 4,330,490 2,354,341 3,359,649 1,979,306 3,705,050
MEN 17,547,641 553,571 2,310,537 3,322,213 1,077,884 1,877,811 891,901 2,169,265 2,589,731 1,344,198 1,410,530
WOMEN 15,658,352 214,164 1,335,571 3,690,642 982,756 2,112,008 3,438,589 185,076 769,918 635,108 2,294,520
BLACK 7,078,018 29,627 326,438 711,373 390,350 773,770 1,117,342 308,080 962,040 761,820 1,697,178
MEN 3,183,555 14,608 168,487 235,951 148,030 292,554 234,875 260,164 676,987 498,703 653,196
WOMEN 3,894,463 15,019 157,951 475,422 242,320 481,216 882,467 47,916 285,053 263,117 1,043,982
HISPANIC 6,823,367 32,963 308,621 468,136 257,968 683,074 778,109 525,666 997,623 1,292,702 1,478,505
MEN 3,888,642 22,044 196,552 218,936 148,261 291,914 205,441 479,161 724,918 874,527 726,888
WOMEN 2,934,725 10,919 112,069 249,200 109,707 391,160 572,668 46,505 272,705 418,175 751,617
ASIAN 2,682,903 34,139 219,083 970,007 188,399 216,742 272,511 89,964 227,981 142,801 321,276
MEN 1,392,811 24,620 137,382 510,618 105,962 93,888 81,120 73,668 141,167 80,982 143,404
WOMEN 1,290,092 9,519 81,701 459,389 82,437 122,854 191,391 16,296 86,814 61,819 177,872
AMERICAN INDIAN 287,952 2,691 18,502 34,455 17,083 37,908 36,280 27,427 38,724 28,893 45,989
MEN 150,214 1,723 11,460 15,586 8,664 14,155 8,078 24,978 28,281 19,016 18,273
WOMEN 137,738 968 7,042 18,869 8,419 23,753 28,202 2,449 10,443 9,877 27,716
HAWAIIAN 181,455 1,811 9,336 30,301 10,232 20,350 23,375 7,944 19,932 19,643 38,531
MEN 88,363 1,103 5,096 12,426 5,281 8,524 5,898 7,049 13,370 12,818 16,798
WOMEN 93,092 708 4,240 17,875 4,951 11,826 17,477 895 6,562 6,825 21,733
TWO OR MORE RACES 372,868 3,420 20,201 65,840 21,455 54,226 51,833 12,866 22,231 31,898 88,898
MEN 169,767 2,109 11,354 23,740 9,622 22,044 12,959 11,556 16,627 21,476 38,280
WOMEN 203,101 1,311 8,847 42,100 11,833 32,182 38,874 1,310 5,604 10,422 50,618

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Establishment Reports), 2008.

Table 4. Occupational Employment in Private Sector by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in Percentages (2008)
RACE/ETHNICITY GENDER TOTAL EMPLOYMENT EXEC SR LVL OFFLS & MGR FIRST-MID LVL OFFLS & MGR PROFESSIONALS TECHNICIANS SALES WORKERS CLERICAL WORKERS CRAFT WORKERS OPERATIVES LABORERS SERVICE WORKERS
ALL EMPLOYEES 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
MEN 52.2 71.0 62.5 46.7 51.0 45.0 21.8 91.0 74.5 67.0 40.8
WOMEN 47.8 29.0 37.5 53.3 49.0 55.0 78.2 9.0 25.5 33.0 59.2
WHITE 65.6 88.0 80.2 75.5 69.9 69.1 65.5 70.8 59.7 46.5 50.2
MEN 34.7 63.5 50.8 35.7 36.6 32.5 13.5 65.2 46.0 31.6 19.1
WOMEN 30.9 24.5 29.4 39.7 33.4 36.6 52.0 5.6 13.7 14.9 31.1
BLACK 14.0 3.4 7.2 7.7 13.2 13.4 16.9 9.3 17.1 17.9 23.0
MEN 6.3 1.7 3.7 2.5 5.0 5.1 3.6 7.8 12.0 11.7 8.9
WOMEN 7.7 1.7 3.5 5.1 8.2 8.3 13.4 1.4 5.1 6.2 14.2
HISPANIC 13.5 3.8 6.8 5.0 8.8 11.8 11.8 15.8 17.7 30.4 20.0
MEN 7.7 2.5 4.3 2.4 5.0 5.1 3.1 14.4 12.9 20.5 9.9
WOMEN 5.8 1.3 2.5 2.7 3.7 6.8 8.7 1.4 4.8 9.8 10.2
ASIAN 5.3 3.9 4.8 10.4 6.4 3.8 4.1 2.7 4.1 3.4 4.4
MEN 2.8 2.8 3.0 5.5 3.6 1.6 1.2 2.2 2.5 1.9 1.9
WOMEN 2.5 1.1 1.8 4.9 2.8 2.1 2.9 0.5 1.5 1.5 2.4
AMERICAN INDIAN 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6
MEN 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.2
WOMEN 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4
HAWAIIAN 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5
MEN 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
WOMEN 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3
TWO OR MORE RACES 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.7 1.2
MEN 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5
WOMEN 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.7

Data Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Employer Information Reports (EEO-1 Single and Establishment Reports), 2008.