S KIEN VE

KY TH TUOI TAC

Luat Ky Th Tuoi Tac Trong Viec Lam (ADEA) nam 1967 bao ve cac ca nhan t 40 tuoi tr len khoi b ky th trong van e viec lam can c tren tuoi tac. Cac bao ve cua luat ADEA ap dung cho ca nhan vien lan ng vien xin viec lam. Theo luat ADEA, b coi la bat hp phap neu ky th mot ngi v tuoi tac cua ho (bat ke nam n), s ky th lien he ti bat c thi han, ieu kien, hay ac quyen nao ve tuyen dung--bao gom, nhng khong ch gii han vao viec thau nhan, sa thai, thang cap, dan viec, boi thng, phuc li, bo nhiem, va huan nghe.

Cung b coi la bat hp phap neu co hanh ong tra ua mot ca nhan v ho chong oi cach thc lam viec co tnh cach ky th can c tren tuoi tac, hay v ca nhan nap n to giac s ky th tuoi tac, lam chng, hay tham d trong cuoc ieu tra ky th di mot hnh thc nao o, mot dien tien tranh chap, hay mot to tung, trong khuon kho cua ADEA.

Luat ADEA ap dung cho cac chu nhan co t 20 nhan vien tr len, ke ca chu nhan la chnh quyen tieu bang va a phng. Luat cung ap dung cho cac c quan tuyen dung, cac to chc lao ong, va chnh phu lien bang.

CAC CHNG TRNH TAP NGHE


Thng b coi la bat hp phap cac chng trnh tap nghe, ke ca cac chng trnh tap nghe lien hp gia giam th va nhan vien, ky th da tren tuoi tac cua mot ca nhan. Cac gii han tuoi tac trong cac chng trnh tap nghe ch co hieu lc khi no nam trong mot so ngoai le ca biet cua luat ADEA hoac c EEOC ac biet bai mien.

THONG CAO VA QUANG CAO VE VIEC LAM


Luat ADEA coi la bat hp phap khi cac thong cao hay quang cao ve viec lam e cap en u ai ve tuoi tac, cac han che hay ieu kien ac biet. Ch co mot biet le rat gii han cho quy luat chung nay, o la thong cao hay quang cao ve viec lam co the minh nh mot gii han tuoi trong nhng trng hp hiem hoi, khi ma tuoi tac qua la mot tieu chuan nghe nghiep thc s (BFOQ) can thiet mot cach hp ly cho ban chat cua doanh nghiep.

IEU TRA TRC KHI TUYEN DUNG


Luat ADEA khong minh th cam oan chu nhan hoi ngi xin viec ve tuoi tac hay ngay sanh. Tuy nhien v nhng chuyen do hoi nh vay co the lam cac cong nhan cao nien e de trong viec nap n xin viec hoac gia ay co the la y o ky th can c tren tuoi tac, do o viec hoi thong tin ve tuoi tac se c theo doi ky lng e oan chac rang muc tieu cua s ieu tra nay la hp phap, thay v la mot muc tieu cam oan bi luat ADEA.

PHUC LI


Luat Bao Ve Phuc Li Cho Cong Nhan Ln Tuoi nam 1990 (OWBPA) bo xung cho luat ADEA nham ac biet cam oan chu nhan khong cho nhan vien ln tuoi c hng phuc li. Chu nhan ch co the giam phuc li can c tren tuoi tac neu nh ph ton cap phat phuc li a giam tr cho cac cong nhan ln tuoi tng ng vi ph ton cap phat phuc li cho cac cong nhan tre.

XIN MIEN AP DUNG CAC QUYEN CUA LUAT ADEA


The theo yeu cau cua chu nhan, mot ca nhan co the ong y mien ap dung quyen han hoac quyen yeu sach thuoc pham vi luat ADEA. Tuy nhien luat ADEA, c bo xung bi luat OWBPA, a e ra cac tieu chuan toi thieu chuyen biet buoc phai ap ng th viec mien ap dung mi c coi la co y thc va t nguyen va, do o, mi co hieu lc. Trong so cac oi hoi khac, mot giay xin mien ap dung luat ADEA muon co hieu lc: (1) phai viet ra giay vi ngon t de hieu; (2) phai noi ro ay la cac quyen han hoac yeu sach cua luat ADEA; (3) co the rut lai chuyen mien ap dung quyen han hoac yeu sach co the xay ra trong tng lai; (4) phai c hoan oi vi mot s en bu ang gia; (5) phai co giay khuyen cao ca nhan o nen tham khao luat s trc khi ky t mien ap dung; va (6) phai e cho ca nhan o co t nhat la 21 ngay e can nhac ban thoa c va t nhat la 7 ngay e huy bo thoa c sau khi ky. Them vao o, neu mot chu nhan yeu cau mien ap dung theo luat ADEA oi vi mot chng trnh co thng e ngh viec hay mot chng trnh ngh viec nao khac, cac oi hoi toi thieu e xin mien ap dung con khat khe hn na neu muon cho co hieu lc.

NAP N TO GIAC


n to giac ky th tuoi tac co the nap tai bat c van phong a phng nao cua Uy Ban C Hoi Lam Viec Bnh ang (EEOC) cua Hoa Ky. Nhng van phong a phng at tai 50 thanh pho khap Hoa Ky va c ghi trong hau het nhng cuon ien thoai nien giam di tieu e " U.S. Government " (Chnh phu Hoa Ky). Quy v cung co the goi so ien thoai mien ph 1-800-669-4000 hay 1-800-669-6820 (TDD cho ngi iec) e tm van phong EEOC gan khu vc cua quy v. Muon co thong tin ve nhng luat c EEOC thi hanh, xin goi so mien ph 1-800-669-EEOC hoac so 1-800-800-3302 (TDD cho ngi iec).

Thi han nop n to giac vi EEOC la 180 ngay ke t ngay ky th c neu ra, hay 300 ngay tai cac tieu bang co thiet lap c quan Quan ly Viec Hanh Nghe Cong Bang. Neu quy v a b ky th v tuoi tac, quy v co quyen c boi thng, bao gom, nhng khong ch gii han vao tuyen dung, thang thng, phuc hoi chc vu, truy lanh lng bong, thiet hai c ket toan (ngha la mot so tien tng ng vi bat c thiet hai tien bac nao ma quy v c boi thng), va thu lao tra cho luat s.

Neu c yeu cau, t s kien nay se c phat ra di dang thay the khac.

a ch cua Uy Ban C Hoi Lam Viec Bnh ang (EEOC):

U.S Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Office of Communications and Legislative Affairs

131 M Street, NE

Washington, DC 20507

Thang Sau, 199 EEOC-FS/V-9