Thong Tin Ve Doanh Nghiep Nho

Uy Ban C Hoi Lam Viec Bnh ang thc thi cac ieu luat nao?

Uy Ban C Hoi Lam Viec Bnh ang (EEOC) thc thi cac ao luat lien bang sau ay: Khoan VII cua Luat Dan Quyen 1964 (Khoan VII), Luat Ky Th Tuoi Tac Trong Viec Lam (ADEA), Luat Lng Bong ong eu (EPA), va Luat Ngi My B Khuyet Tat (ADA). Cac luat nay cam ky th trong viec lam da tren chung toc, mau da, gii tnh, ton giao, nguon goc quoc gia, tuoi tac, khuyet tat hoac tra ua v chong oi chuyen ky th ve viec lam, a n to giac hoac tham d vao thu tuc to tung trong khuon kho luat phap. Nhiem vu cua EEOC la quyet nh mot cach cong bnh va khach quan xem cac ieu luat ma Uy Ban thc thi co b vi pham hay khong?

Loai doanh nghiep nho nao chu s chi phoi cua luat?

Luat chi phoi tat ca cac chu nhan c s t, chu nhan la chnh quyen tieu bang va a phng, va cac c s giao duc co t 15 nhan vien tr len, ngoai tr luat ADEA chi phoi chu nhan co t 20 nhan vien tr len. Cac luat nay cung chi phoi cac c quan tuyen dung t hay cong, cac to chc lao ong, va cac uy ban quan tr lao ong lien hp, kiem soat viec thc tap va huan nghe.

Khi nao nhan vien co the nap n to giac?

Nhan vien phai nap n to giac vi EEOC trong vong 180 ngay ke t ngay cho la co s ky th. Neu chu nhan con b chi phoi bi luat ky th viec lam cua tieu bang hay a phng, thi han nop n to giac vi EEOC c trien han ti 300 ngay.

Nap n to giac vi EEOC ra sao?

Bat c mot nhan vien nao cho rang quyen lam viec cua mnh a b vi pham v ly do chung toc, mau da, gii tnh, ton giao, nguon goc dan toc, tuoi tac, khuyet tat hay b tra thu co the nap n to giac ky th vi EEOC. Theo luat nh, EEOC phai nhan n to giac.

Cac ieu tra vien cua EEOC phong van cac ca nhan ng to giac ky th viec lam e xem co thuoc tham quyen tai phan cua mnh khong. Cac ieu tra vien khao sat can ke cac li khai c nguyen cao vien dan va ngay thang lien he. Thong tin nay c anh gia e xem co to giac co gia tr hay khong. Can c tren s lng nh cua chung toi, chung toi se cho nguyen cao biet la chung toi se ieu tra hay se bac bo to giac ngay tc khac.

EEOC se thong bao cho chu nhan trong vong 10 ngay sau khi nhan n to giac. Thong bao thng gom co mot ban to giac, xac minh s lc (a) ben nguyen cao, (b) c s va cac van e to giac, (c) ngay thang cua vi pham vien dan, va (d) mot li giai thch ve trach vu cua chu nhan phai bao quan cac tai lieu lien he en vu to giac. Mot giay mi en hoa giai vu khieu nai co the cung c kem vao ho s thong bao.

Lieu mot doanh nghiep nho co the t giai quyet mot vu to giac ma khong can phai co cuoc ieu tra khong?

c! EEOC co mot chng trnh hoa giai mien ph. Chng trnh c thc hien t nguyen trong toan the cac giai oan thuoc qua trnh tranh tung. Cac hoa giai vien trung lap giup chu nhan va nguyen cao c hoi at cac giai phap oi ben cung vui long chap thuan, b hao ton thi gian va tien bac.

Trng hp viec hoa giai bat thanh, to giac se c a ra ieu tra. Cac thong tin a c tiet lo bi cac phe trong khi hoa giai se khong c dung cho cuoc ieu tra cua EEOC. Hn na, cac hoa giai vien b rang buoc bi cac ieu khoan bao mat va co the t choi cung cap tin tc ve hoa giai cho ieu tra vien cua EEOC.

EEOC ieu tra s to giac ky th lam viec nh the nao?

Mot ieu tra vien cua EEOC yeu cau chu nhan tra li nhng ieu trong to giac va cung cap tai lieu e hau thuan cho cau tra li. EEOC thng yeu cau tra li bang van ban, tuy nhien, oi luc co the co nhng cuoc tham vieng tai cho e duyet xet tai lieu va phong van. Mac dau hiem khi phai ap dung, nhng neu chu nhan khong chu cung cap thong tin hay khong cho xem xet nh yeu cau, EEOC co the gi mot trat e co quyen tiep xuc, xem tai lieu hay lay li khai. Neu thc te cho phep, ngay sau khi chung toi nhan c cac van ban nh ro lap trng va thau thap c bang chng t pha chu nhan, EEOC se quyet nh xem nen ieu tra them, e ngh dan xep hay bac bo s to giac.

Ca nhan co quyen g mot khi to giac cua mnh b bac?

Neu EEOC a quyet nh la khong u bang chng e ket luan co vi pham, ieu tra vien se ly giai ve quyet nh nay cho ben nguyen cao. ng s se nhan c t thong bao bac bo trong o co ghi neu khong va y co quyen i kien tai toa lien bang. Luat do EEOC thc thi cho nguyen n quyen khi to tai toa trong vong 90 ngay sau khi nhan c thong bao bac bo. Luat con cho phep ben nguyen c tien hanh thu tuc to tung tai toa lien bang trc khi EEOC hoan tat cuoc ieu tra. Trong mot vai trung hp, EEOC co the ky mot thong bao ve quyen c khi to, neu ben nguyen cao yeu cau.

EEOC lam g neu xac nh co vi pham?

Neu EEOC quyet nh la co bang chng hp ly la co ky th, ieu tra vien se ly giai cho chu nhan. Tiep sau o la mot quyet nh thanh van va li mi thao luan hoa giai. Muc ch cua cuoc thao luan nay la e loai bo s ky th va boi thng nguyen cao va cac phe khac, neu co, e khoi phai a nhau ra toa. Cac cuoc ieu nh se c tien hanh trong mot giai oan hp ly cho en khi s viec c giai quyet hay khi hoa giai that bai. Cac thoa hiep ve hoa giai thng c ky bi pha nguyen cao, chu nhan va giam oc van phong EEOC.

Trong trung hp nao EEOC se theo uoi vu to giac trc toa an lien bang?

Neu no lc hoa giai that bai, EEOC se quyet nh co nen kien mot chu nhan t hay e ngh to tung len Bo T Phap oi vi chu nhan la chnh quyen tieu bang hay a phng. Neu EEOC quyet nh khong kien, ben nguyen cao se c quyen i kien trc toa an lien bang.

Muon co them thong tin ve doanh nghiep nho, xin tm ti trang web cua EEOC tai www.eeoc.gov hay lien lac vi van phong EEOC gan nhat bang cach goi so 1-800-669-4000 (noi) hoac 1-800-669-6820 (TTY cho ngi iec)

An pham # EEOC-FS-V13