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Data visualization: Sexual Orientation

The following visuals reflect charges of employment discrimination and resolutions for all national sexual orientation-based charges, spanning from FY 2016 – FY 2020.

Total Charge Receipts Versus Sexual Orientation-Based Receipts
FY 2016 - FY 2020

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Total Charge Receipts Versus Sexual Orientation-Based Receipts 2016-2020
  FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2020
Total Receipts 91,503 84,254 76,418 72,675 67,448
Sexual Orientation-Based Receipts 1,428 1,736 1,779 1,740 1,651
Percent of Sexual Orientation-Based Receipts 1.5% 1.8% 2.0% 2.2% 2.3%

FY 2016 – FY 2020:

  • As a percentage of total charges, receipts that included sexual orientation-based claims increased.
  • Total receipts decreased by 26.3%.
  • Receipts that included sexual orientation-based claims increased by 3.0%.

*Charge data includes all charges filed by individuals in the private sector and state and local government workplaces; it does not include discrimination complaints in the federal sector.

**For all definitions of terms please go to: https://www.eeoc.gov/enforcement/definitions-terms.

 

Total Monetary Benefits Versus Sexual Orientation-Based Monetary Benefits
FY 2016 - FY 2020

  FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2020
Total Monetary Benefits $348.00 $355.60 $353.90 $346.60 $333.2
Sexual Orientation-Based Monetary Benefits (Millions)* $3.50 $4.30 $4.40 $2.60 $5.40
Percent of Sexual Orientation-Based Monetary Benefits 1.0% 1.2% 1.2% 0.8% 1.6%
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Total Monetary Benefits Versus Sexual Orientation-Based Monetary Benefits 2016-2020

FY 2016 – FY 2020:

  • As a percentage of total monetary benefits, monetary benefits for charges that included sexual orientation-based claims increased.
  • Total monetary benefits decreased by $14.8 million, a change of 4.3%.
  • Monetary benefits for charges that included sexual orientation-based claims increased by $1.9 million, a percent change of 54.3%.

*Charge data includes all charges filed by individuals in the private sector and state and local government workplaces; it does not include discrimination complaints in the federal sector.

**For all definitions of terms please go to: https://www.eeoc.gov/enforcement/definitions-terms.

 

Total Resolutions Versus Sexual Orientation-Based Resolutions
FY 2016 - FY 2020

  FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2020
Total Resolutions 97,443 99,109 90,558 80,806 70,804
Sexual Orientation-Based Resolutions 1,428 1,736 1,779 1,740 1,651
Percent of Sexual Orientation-Based Resolutions 1.5% 1.8% 2.0% 2.2% 2.3%
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Total Resolutions Versus Sexual Orientation-Based Resolutions 2016-2020

FY 2016 – FY 2020:

  • As a percentage of total resolutions, resolutions of charges that included sexual orientation-based claims increased.
  • Total resolutions decreased by 27.3%.
  • Resolutions of charges that included sexual orientation-based claims increased by 15.6%.

*Charge data includes all charges filed by individuals in the private sector and state and local government workplaces; it does not include discrimination complaints in the federal sector.

**Resolutions - All charges closed in the administrative process, comprised of charges with no cause findings, administrative closures, and merit resolutions.

***For all definitions of terms please go to: https://www.eeoc.gov/enforcement/definitions-terms.

 

Resolutions - Sexual Orientation-Based
FY 2016 - FY 2020

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Resolutions - Sexual Orientation-Based 2016-2020
  FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2020
No Reasonable Cause 69.5% 69.5% 71.8% 68.8% 67.5%
Administrative Closures 16.7% 14.5% 13.5% 15.9% 15.7%
Merit Resolutions 13.8% 16.1% 14.7% 15.3% 16.7%
  • Resolutions - All charges closed in the administrative process, comprised of charges with no cause findings, administrative closures, and merit resolutions.
  • No Reasonable Cause -EEOC’s determination not to proceed further with its investigation. This determination does not certify that the respondent is in compliance with the statutes EEOC enforces. In issuing this determination, the EEOC makes no decision about the merits of claims alleged in the charge or of any other issues that could be construed as having been raised by the charge. The charging party may exercise the right to bring a private court action.
  • Administrative Closures - Charge closed for administrative reasons without a determination based on the merits, which include: lack of jurisdiction due to untimeliness, insufficient number of employees, or lack of employment relationship; charging party requests withdrawal without receiving benefits; or charging party requests the notice of right to sue.
  • Merit Resolutions - Charge resolved with an outcome favorable to charging party or charge with meritorious allegations. These are comprised of negotiated settlements, withdrawals with benefits, successful conciliations, and unsuccessful conciliations.

*Charge data includes all charges filed by individuals in the private sector and state and local government workplaces; it does not include discrimination complaints in the federal sector.

**For all definitions of terms please go to: https://www.eeoc.gov/enforcement/definitions-terms.

 

Merit Resolutions - Sexual Orientation-Based
FY 2016 - FY 2020

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Merit Resolutions - Sexual Orientation-Based 2016-2020
  FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2020
Settlements 50.3% 45.2% 49.6% 47.6% 58.7%
Withdrawals w/Benefits 29.9% 33.3% 32.8% 40.4% 29.7%
Unsuccessful Conciliations 12.2% 14.3% 10.3% 8.2% 6.2%
Successful Conciliations 7.6% 7.2% 7.3% 3.7% 5.4%
  • Settlements - Charge settled during investigation with benefits to charging party.
  • Withdrawals w/Benefits - Charge is withdrawn, at the request of charging party, who will receive benefits through a separate agreement with the employer.
  • Successful Conciliations - Charge with reasonable cause determination closed after resolution of the charge through voluntary efforts, whereby EEOC is a party to the agreement.
  • Unsuccessful Conciliations - Charge with reasonable cause determination closed after failure to resolve the charge through voluntary efforts. Because "reasonable cause" has been found, this resolution is considered a merit resolution.

*Charge data includes all charges filed by individuals in the private sector and state and local government workplaces; it does not include discrimination complaints in the federal sector.

**For all definitions of terms please go to: https://www.eeoc.gov/enforcement/definitions-terms.