ADEA@50 Snapshots by Decade. 1967-77, 1977-87, 1987-97, 1997-07, 2007-17.
"The word 'age' takes on a definite meaning from being in the phrase 'discrimina[tion]... because of such individual's age'"... -Justice David Souter
The Supreme Court identifies differences between the ADEA and Title VII, narrowing the ADEA's reach.
- Individuals cannot sue states for damages under ADEA, the Supreme Court decides.
- The ADEA bars favoring a younger employee over an older one; it does not, however, prohibit favoring an older employee over a younger one.
- The Supreme Court clarifies that the ADEA permits disparate impact claims and holds that an employer's defense to such claims is to prove that a reasonable factor other than age discrimination caused the disparate impact.