The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission



New Document Sheds Light on Little-Known ADA Provision

WASHINGTON -- The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) today issued a question-and-answer-style document about a little-known but significant provision of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) that protects applicants and employees from discrimination based on their association with people with disabilities.  The document, entitled "Questions and Answers about the Association Provision of the Americans with Disabilities Act" and available at, is the first of several the EEOC intends to issue in October as part of National Disability Employment Awareness Month.

The "association" provision of the ADA prohibits an employer from discriminating against an applicant or employee who has a known association with an individual with a disability.  This prohibition covers hiring, firing, and other terms, conditions, and privileges of employment.  For example, an employer may not refuse to hire someone because of an unfounded fear that the individual will be excessively absent or unproductive because of the need to care for a child with a disability.

"Family members, friends and caregivers of people with disabilities should know that they are protected from employment discrimination based on those relationships," said EEOC Chair Cari M. Dominguez.  "This new document also advises employers of this important provision of the ADA."

The following actions would also be discriminatory:

In addition to enforcing Title I of the ADA, which prohibits employment discrimination against people with disabilities in the private sector and state and local governments, and the Rehabilitation Act's prohibitions against disability discrimination in the federal government, the EEOC enforces several other laws prohibiting race, sex, color, national origin, religion, and age discrimination in employment.  Further information about the EEOC is available on the agency's web site at

this page was last modified on October 17, 2005.

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