The EEO-5 survey is conducted to fulfill the reporting responsibility of public elementary and secondary school systems required by the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972--Title VII. As part of its mandate, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission requires periodic reports which indicate the composition for their work forces by sex and by race/ethnic category.
The EEO-5 survey is conducted biennially in every even-numbered year and it covers all the school districts with 100 or more employees in 50 U.S. states and District of Columbia. The reporting school districts provide information on their full-time staff, part-time staff, and new hires in a total of eighteen job categories by men and women and by seven race/ethnic groups. Employment statistics cover the payroll period closest to October 1 of the reporting year and no later than November 30 of the reporting year.
The confidentiality provision which governs release of these data (section 709 (e) of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended by the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972) prohibits release of individual identifiable information. However data in aggregated format for major geographic areas such as U.S. national and states are available on this site[i].
i Because of state-wide unified school system three states (including D.C.) have been dropped from individual release to protect the data confidentiality. These states, however, were included in the national totals.