Breadcrumb

  1. Inicio
  2. Node
  3. ADR Report: Part I - ADR in the Federal Sector EEO Process FY 2003-FY 2004

ADR Report: Part I - ADR in the Federal Sector EEO Process FY 2003-FY 2004

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

September 2005

PDF Version

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION

ADR IN THE PRE-COMPLAINT STAGE

  1. ADR Usage in the Pre-Complaint Stage
    1. 1. Government-Wide ADR Usage Increased by 19% in FY 2003 & 1% in FY 2004
    2. 2. U.S. Postal Service Improved Government-Wide ADR Usage By 23%
    3. 3. Five Agencies Tied for Highest ADR Offer Rate in FY 2003
    4. 4. Government Printing Office & Federal Trade Commission had Most Improved ADR Offer Rate in FY 2003
    5. 4a. Two Agencies Tied for the Most Improved ADR Offer Rate in 2004
    6. 5. Tennessee Valley Authority had Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate in FY 2003
    7. 5a. Defense Office of Inspector General had Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate in FY 2004
    8. 6. U.S. Postal Service had Highest ADR Participation Rate in FY 2003
    9. 6a. In FY 2004, U.S. Postal Service Repeats Having the Highest ADR Participation Rate
    10. 7. U.S. Postal Service had Most Improved ADR Participation Rate in FY 2003
    11. 7a. Defense Dependent Education Activity had Most Improved ADR Participation Rate in FY 2004
    12. 8. Department of State had Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate in FY 2003
    13. 8a. National Aeronautics and Space Administration had Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate in FY 2004
  2. ADR Techniques Used in the Pre-Complaint Stage
    1. 1. Mediation was Overwhelming Choice as ADR Technique in FY 2003
    2. 1a. Mediation Repeats as Choice ADR Technique in FY 2004
    3. 2. Excluding U.S. Postal Service, Mediation is Technique of Choice
    4. 3. Efficiency of ADR Attempts Decreased by 10 Days
  3. Source of ADR Neutrals in the Pre-Complaint Stage
    1. 1. Private Organizations Were Primary Source of Neutrals in FY 2003 and FY 2004
    2. 2. Excluding U.S. Postal Service, In-House Neutrals Dominated
  4. Effectiveness of ADR in the Pre-Complaint State
    1. 1. Federal Emergency Management Agency had Highest ADR Resolution Rate in FY 2003
    2. 1a. Defense Dependent Education Activity had Highest Resolution Rate in FY 2004
    3. 2. National Aeronautics and Space Administration had Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate in FY 2003
    4. 2a. Department of Education had Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate in FY 2004
    5. 3. Department of Labor had Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate in FY 2003
    6. 3a. In FY 2004, Department of Navy had Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate
    7. 4. Average Processing Time for Pre-Complaint ADR Closures is Increasing
    8. 5. National Guard Bureau had Fastest APT for ADR Closures in FY 2003 and Defense Logistics Agency for FY 2004
    9. 6. After Significant Increases in FY 2002 and 2003,Overall Resolution Rate Returns to FY 2001 Levels
    10. 7. Trends in Resolution Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process with U.S. Postal Service Data
    11. 8. Trends in Resolution Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process without U.S. Postal Service Data
  5. Benefits Obtained Through ADR Settlements in the Pre-Complaint Stage
    1. 1. Amount of Pre-Complaint Monetary Benefits on the Rise
    2. 2. ADR Settlements Were Less Expensive Than EEO Counseling Settlements in FY 2003
    3. 2a. In FY 2004, ADR Settlements Were Again Less Expensive on Average Than EEO Counseling Settlements
    4. 3. "Other Non-Monetary Benefits" Were Most Frequently Reported in Pre-Complaint Settlements in FY 2003
    5. 3a. In FY 2004, "Other Non-Monetary Benefits" Were Again Most Frequently Reported in Pre-Complaint Settlements

ADR IN THE FORMAL COMPLAINT STAGE

  1. ADR Usage in the Formal Complaint Stage
    1. 1. Slight Increase in Government-Wide ADR Usage in FY 2003 but Declines in FY 2004
    2. 2. In FY 2004, U.S. Postal Service Low Offer Rate Impacts Government-Wide ADR Usage
    3. 3. In FY 2003, National Imagery & Mapping Agency had Highest ADR Offer Rate
    4. 3a. In FY 2004, National Gallery of Art had Highest ADR Offer Rate
    5. 4. In FY 2003, National Imagery & Mapping Agency had Most Improved ADR Offer Rate
    6. 4a. Central Intelligence Agency had Most Improved ADR Offer Rate in FY 2004
    7. 5. In FY 2003, Department of the Air Force had Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate
    8. 5a. In FY 2004, Defense National Geospatial-Intelligence had Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate
    9. 6. Defense Commissary Agency had Highest ADR Participation Rate in FY 2003
    10. 6a. In FY 2004, Smithsonian Institution and Department of Education had Highest ADR Participation Rate
    11. 7. In FY 2003, Defense Commissary Agency had Most Improved ADR Participation Rate
    12. 7a. In FY 2004, Department of Education had Most Improved ADR Participation Rate
    13. 8. National Aeronautics and Space Administration had Largest Decline In ADR Participation Rate in FY 2003
    14. 8a. In FY 2004, Defense Commissary Agency had Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate
  2. ADR Techniques Used in the Formal Complaint Stage
    1. 1. In FY 2003 Mediation was Primary Choice as ADR Technique
    2. 1a. In FY 2004, Mediation was Again Primary Choice as ADR Technique
    3. 2. In FY 2003, Excluding U.S. Postal Service, Mediation Still Most Popular Technique
    4. 2a. In FY 2004, Excluding U.S. Postal Service, Mediation was Still Most Popular Technique
    5. 3. Efficiency of ADR Attempts Decreased by 27 Days
  3. Sources of Neutrals in the Formal Complaint Stage
    1. 1. Private Organizations Were Most Popular Source of Neutrals
    2. 2. Excluding U.S. Postal Service, Majority of Neutrals Were From Another Agency
  4. Effectiveness of ADR in the Formal Complaint Stage
    1. 1. In FY 2003, Department of Labor had Highest ADR Resolution Rate
    2. 1a. In FY 2004, United States Postal Service had Highest ADR Resolution Rate
    3. 2. In FY 2003, National Archives & Records Administration had Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate
    4. 2a. In FY 2004, U.S. Postal Service had Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate
    5. 3. In FY 2003, Defense Finance & Accounting Service had Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate
    6. 3a. In FY 2004, Department of the Interior had Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate
    7. 4. In FY 2003, Resolutions of Complaints Averaged 118 Days Faster than Final Actions
    8. 4a. In FY 2004, Resolutions of Complaints Averaged 73 Days Faster than Final Actions
    9. 5. Average Processing Time of ADR Closures Increases
    10. 6. In FY 2003, Department of Transportation had Fastest APT for ADR Closures
    11. 6a. In FY 2004, Defense National Guard Bureau had Fastest APT for ADR Closures
    12. 7. Overall Resolution Rate of Formal Complaints Decreased by 2%
    13. 8. Trends in Resolution Rates During the Formal Complaint Process
    14. 9. Trends in Resolution Rates without U.S. Postal Service Data During the Formal Complaint Process
  5. Benefits Obtained Through ADR Settlement in the Formal Complaint Stage
    1. 1. Amount of Complaint Settlement Benefits
    2. 2. Average Amount of ADR Monetary Benefits Decreased in FY 2003
    3. 2a. In FY 2004, Average Amount of ADR Monetary Benefits Again Decreases
    4. 3. "Other Non-Monetary Benefits" Were Most Frequently Reported in ADR Settlements in FY 2003
    5. 3a. In FY 2004, "Other Non-Monetary Benefits" Were Again Most Frequently Reported in ADR Settlements

Glossary

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

As a central piece of its Five-Point Plan, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) seeks to promote and expand the use of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in an effort to resolve equal employment opportunity (EEO) disputes. In Part I of its ADR Study, the EEOC examines ADR in the pre-complaint and formal complaint stages of the federal sector EEO process. This report evaluates the government-wide data, as submitted by the federal agencies, to determine how effectively ADR programs resolved EEO disputes and how efficiently the ADR programs operated. In addition, this report addresses other important ADR issues, including types of ADR techniques, sources of neutrals, and types of settlement benefits.

During the pre-complaint stage in fiscal year (FY) 2003, ADR was used in 42% of all instances of EEO counseling, which is an increase from 23% in FY 2002. This increase was due, in large part, to an ADR offer rate that climbed from 47% in FY 2002 to 73% in FY 2003. In FY 2004, the participation rate rose to 43% and the offer rate rose to 80%. The vast majority of ADR attempts utilized mediation as the ADR technique and neutrals from private organizations as the source of mediators. Since FY 2000, ADR has averaged a resolution rate of 58% in the pre-complaint stage. In FY 2003, ADR efforts resulted in 7,168 settlements, totaling $1,384,474 in monetary benefits. In FY 2004, ADR efforts resulted in 6,427 settlements, totaling $1,609,404 in monetary benefits.

During the formal complaint stage in FY 2003, there was a slight increase in ADR usage from 4% in FY 2002 to 7% in FY 2003; however, the usage slipped to 3% in FY 2004. The low ADR participation rate may be attributed to an offer rate of only 7% in FY 2004, which represents a decrease from 12% in FY 2003. Similar to the pre-complaint stage, agencies selected mediation and neutrals from private organizations in the majority of ADR attempts. With regard to the ADR attempts that were completed in the formal complaint stage, the ADR resolution rate declined from 59% in FY 2002 to 42% in FY 2003, but increased significantly in FY 2004 to 77%. Since FY 2000, ADR has averaged a resolution rate of nearly 60% in the formal complaint stage. In FY 2003, ADR efforts resulted in 1,375 settlements, totaling $6,027,764 in monetary benefits. In FY 2004, ADR efforts resulted in 1,250 settlements, totaling $3,145,890 in monetary benefits.

INTRODUCTION

Cari M. Dominguez, Chair of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC or Commission), has initiated the Five-Point Plan, a strategic framework to improve EEOC's overall operations.1 The centerpiece of the Plan is to promote and expand the use of mediation and other types of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) as a means of resolving equal employment opportunity (EEO) disputes.2 When used properly, ADR can provide parties with fast and cost-effective results by allowing them to avoid the time and expense of litigation. While at the same time, ADR can provide significant intangible benefits to the parties by repairing their working relationships and improving workplace communication and morale.3 In furtherance of the Plan's promotion of ADR, the Commission established a government-wide goal that fifty percent of all instances of EEO counseling utilize ADR by FY 2009. To achieve this goal, the Plan includes a broad, progressive approach which encourages the Commission to seek partnerships to enhance the effectiveness of federal agencies' programs and services.

To expand the use of ADR in the federal sector, the EEOC initiated a project to partner with twenty-one (21) federal agencies to identify best practices, provide technical assistance, and develop strategic plans to improve the quality and effectiveness of the agencies' ADR programs.4 Due to the scope of the ADR Study, the ADR report will be issued in two separate parts: Part I focuses on the efficiency and effectiveness of ADR in the EEO process; and Part II will discuss best practices of the partner agencies' ADR programs.

In Part I of its ADR Study, the Commission examines the efficiency and effectiveness of ADR in the pre-complaint and formal complaint stages of the federal sector EEO process. The Commission also evaluates the government-wide data, as reported by federal agencies in their annual form 462 submission to the Commission, to determine how successfully ADR programs resolved EEO disputes (effectiveness) and whether the ADR programs operated in a timely manner (efficiency). In addition, this report addresses other important ADR issues, including types of ADR techniques, sources of neutrals, and types of settlement benefits.

ADR Plays Key Role in the Federal Sector EEO Process

The EEOC was established by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with a mission of eradicating discrimination in the workplace. EEOC's regulations, 29 C.F.R.§ 1614.603, require agencies to make reasonable efforts to voluntarily settle EEO discrimination complaints as early as possible in, and throughout, the administrative process. The Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996 (ADRA) requires each federal agency to adopt and promote the use of ADR. Since FY 2000, EEOC's regulations have required all federal agencies to establish or make available an ADR program during both the pre-complaint and formal complaint stages of the EEO process. The EEOC has made ADR the centerpiece of its Five-Point Plan to improve the EEO process. In this regard, the requirements for ADR programs in the federal sector EEO complaint process are outlined in 29 C.F.R. § 1614.102(b)(2) (1999), EEO Management Directive 110 (MD-110), and EEO Management Directive 715 (MD-715).

EEOC Implements Model EEO Program Guidelines

To fulfill its Five-Point Plan, the EEOC issued MD-715 in FY 2003, which provides policy guidance for establishing a model EEO program. To become a model EEO program under MD- 715, agencies must operate their EEO programs efficiently and take proactive steps to prevent unlawful discrimination from occurring. Agencies are required, among other things, to maintain an efficient, fair, and impartial complaint resolution process. An integral part of establishing a model EEO program is the effective use of ADR to resolve disputes.

All Federal Agencies Have An ADR Program

In FY 2003, 93 out of 94 (99%) agencies reported to the EEOC that they had established or made available an ADR program in their EEO complaint process.5 Eighty-four of those agencies reported that 100% of their workforce had access to the ADR program during FY 2003. Another six agencies reported that less than 100% of their workforce had access to an ADR program; all but one of those agencies have made ADR available to at least 91% of their total workforce. Three agencies could not provide the size of their workforce due to national security reasons.6 By FY 2004, all agencies with more than 100 employees had established or made an ADR program available.

Section A    ADR Usage in the Pre-Complaint Stage

Agencies have the discretion to determine when an EEO matter is appropriate for ADR. They may establish written procedures to identify when ADR will be offered, or they may decide to offer ADR on a case-by-case basis. Agencies may not decline to offer ADR to particular cases solely because of the basis involved (i.e., race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age, disability, or retaliation).

1. Government-Wide ADR Usage Increased By 19% in FY 2003 and 1% in FY 2004

During the pre-complaint process in FY 2003, individuals sought counseling from an EEO Counselor or an ADR Intake Officer in 45,030 matters. Agencies offered ADR to individuals in 32,864 instances of counseling (73%). Of the total instances of counseling, 19,075 (42%) agreed to participate and were accepted into the agency's ADR program.

During the pre-complaint process in FY 2004, individuals sought counseling from an EEO Counselor or an ADR Intake Officer in 42,412 matters. Agencies offered ADR to individuals in 33,735 instances of counseling (80%). Of the total instances of counseling, 18,381 (43%) agreed to participate and were accepted into the agency's ADR program.

The EEOC has established a goal that the parties should participate in ADR in 50% of all instances of counseling. Since FY 2000, the ADR participation rate during the pre-complaint stage has averaged 38%. A three-year analysis of the data shows that the ADR participation rate in the pre-complaint process increased by 19 percentage points from 23% in FY 2002 to 42% in FY 2003 and to 43% in FY 2004. The higher ADR participation rate may be due to an ADR offer rate that climbed from 47% in FY 2002 to 73% in FY 2003 to 80% in FY 2004. Because higher offer rates may produce higher participation rates, we recommend that agencies strive to increase their offer rate to at least 75% of all instances of counseling.

Figure 1 - ADR Usage in the Pre-Complaint Process7
FYs 2000 - 2004

Imagen

2. U.S. Postal Service Improved Government-Wide ADR Usage by 23%

Because the U.S. Postal Service reported 19,101 (45%) out of the 42,412 instances of counseling in FY 2004, the government-wide data is largely impacted by that agency. When the FY 2004 government-wide data is examined excluding the U.S. Postal Service, the ADR offer rate decreased from 80% to 62%, and the ADR participation rate decreased significantly from 43% to 20%. A two-year analysis of the data, excluding the U.S. Postal Service, shows that the ADR participation rate increased by 4 percentage points from 16% in FY 2003 to 20% in FY 2004. Since FY 2000, the ADR participation rate during the pre-complaint stage has averaged 21% excluding the U.S. Postal Service.

Imagen

Figure 2 - Comparison of ADR Usage Between U.S. Postal Service
and All Other Agencies in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2000 - 2004

3. Five Agencies Tied for Highest ADR Offer Rate in FY 2003

In FY 2003, the Defense Logistics Agency and the four other agencies listed in Table 1, below, reported the highest ADR offer rate among federal agencies. The ADR offer rate is obtained by dividing the number of ADR offers by the total number of instances of counseling.8 A table with the complete ranking of agencies by ADR offer rate is located at www.eeoc.gov/federal/adr/datatables/index.html. In FY 2004, seven agencies with at least 125 completed counselings had offer rates of 100%. The agencies are listed in Table 1a.

Table 1 - Highest ADR Offer Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process 9
FY 2003

Agencies Counselings ADR Offers Offer Rate
Defense Logistics Agency 518 519 100%
Army & Air Force Exchange Service 397 397 100%
Department of Labor 229 238 100%
General Services Administration 167 189 100%
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 174 174 100%

Table 1a - Highest ADR Offer Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FY 2004

Agencies Counselings ADR Offers Offer Rate
U.S. Postal Service 19,101 19,248 100%
Defense Logistics Agency 482 502 100%
Defense Army and Air Force Exchange 309 309 100%
Department of Labor 221 241 100%
Defense Finance and Accounting Service 184 202 100%
Broadcasting Board of Governors 149 157 100%
Environmental Protection Agency 125 125 100%

4. Government Printing Office & Federal Trade Commission had Most Improved ADR Offer Rate in FY 2003

In FY 2003, the Government Printing Office and the Federal Trade Commission tied for the most improved ADR offer rate in the pre-complaint process. The most improved ADR offer rate is determined by subtracting the ADR offer rate for FY 2002 from the offer rate for FY 2003.

Table 2 - Most Improved ADR Offer Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Offer Rate Increase in ADR Offers
FY 2002 FY 2003
Government Printing Office 0% 100% 100%
Federal Trade Commission 0% 100% 100%
Defense National Security Agency 6% 92% 86%
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 34% 100% 66%
U.S. Postal Service 46% 97% 51%

4a. Two Agencies Tied for the Most Improved ADR Offer Rate in 2004

In FY 2004, two agencies tied for the most improved ADR offer rate in the pre-complaint process. The most improved ADR offer rate is determined by subtracting the ADR offer rate for FY 2003 from the offer rate of FY 2004.

Table 2a - Most Improved ADR Offer Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Offer Rate Increase in ADR Offers
FY 2003 FY 2004
Defense Finance & Accounting Service 0% 100% 100%
Department of Education 0% 100% 100%
Federal Communications Commission 7% 100% 93%
Broadcasting Board of Governors 12% 100% 88%
Export-Import Bank 6% 83% 77%

5. Tennessee Valley Authority Had Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate in FY 2003

In FY 2003, the Tennessee Valley Authority had the largest decline in its ADR offer rate in the pre-complaint process. The largest decline in ADR offer rate is determined by subtracting the ADR offer rate for FY 2003 from the offer rate in FY 2002.

Table 3 - Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Offer Rate Decrease in ADR Offers
FY 2002 FY 2003
Tennessee Valley Authority 50% 8% -42%
Department of the Navy 42% 15% -27%
Department of Energy 84% 57% -27%
Department of Commerce 89% 67% -22%
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 89% 71% -18%

5a. Defense Office of Inspector General had Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate in FY 2004

Table 3a - Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2003-2004

Agencies Offer Rate Decrease in ADR Offers
FY 2003 FY 2004
Defense Office of Inspector General 100% 8% -92%
Nuclear Regulatory Commission 100% 15% -85%
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation 43% 0% -43%
National Science Foundation 100% 71% -29%
General Services Administration 100% 80% -20%

6. U.S. Postal Service had Highest ADR Participation Rate in FY 2003

In FY 2003, the U.S. Postal Service reported the highest ADR participation rate in the pre- complaint process. The ADR participation rate is obtained by dividing the number of cases processed in ADR by the total number of instances of counseling. A table with the complete ranking of agencies by ADR participation rate is located at www.eeoc.gov/federal/adr/datatables/index.html.

Table 4 - Highest ADR Participation Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FY 2003

Agencies Counselings Participation in ADR Participation Rate
U.S. Postal Service 20,102 15,193 76%
National Archives & Records Administration 35 16 46%
National Aeronautics & Space Administration 174 78 45%
National Imagery & Mapping Agency 56 18 32%
Department of Transportation 607 184 30%

6a. In FY 2004, U.S. Postal Service Repeats Having the Highest ADR Participation Rate

In FY 2004, the U.S. Postal Service repeated having the highest ADR participation rate in the pre-complaint process.

Table 4a - Highest ADR Participation Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FY 2004

Agencies Counselings Participation in ADR Participation Rate
U.S. Postal Service 19,101 13,815 72%
Smithsonian Institution 36 17 47%
Defense Dependent Education Activity 112 52 46%
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 53 22 42%
National Archives and Records Administration 53 22 42%

7. U.S. Postal Service had Most Improved ADR Participation Rate in FY 2003

In FY 2003, the U.S. Postal Service had the most improved ADR participation rate in the pre- complaint process. The most improved ADR participation rate is determined by subtracting the ADR participation rate in FY 2002 from the participation rate in FY 2003.

Table 5 - Most Improved ADR Participation Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Participation Rate Increase in ADR Participation
FY 2002 FY 2003
U.S. Postal Service 32% 76% 44%
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 12% 45% 33%
Smithsonian Institute 0% 24% 24%
National Archives & Records Administration 27% 46% 19%
Department of Transportation 17% 30% 13%

7a. Defense Dependent Education Activity had Most Improved ADR Participation Rate in FY 2004

In FY 2004, the Defense Dependent Education Activity had the most improved ADR participation rate in the pre-complaint process. The most improved ADR participation rate is determined by subtracting the ADR participation rate in FY 2003 from the participation rate in FY 2004.

Table 5a - Most Improved ADR Participation Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Participation Rate Increase in ADR Participation
FY 2003 FY 2004
Defense Dependent Education Activity 4% 46% 42%
Consumer Product Safety Commission 25% 60% 35%
Court Services and Offender Supervision 20% 50% 30%
Smithsonian Institution 24% 47% 23%
Defense Intelligence Agency 18% 40% 22%

8. Department of State had Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate in FY 2003

In FY 2003, the Department of State had the largest decline in ADR participation rate in the pre- complaint process. The largest decline in ADR participation rate is determined by subtracting the ADR participation rate in FY 2003 from the participation rate in FY 2002.

Table 6 - Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Participation Rate Decrease in ADR Participation
FY 2002 FY 2003
Department of State 31% 12% -19%
Department of the Navy 17% 2% -15%
Department of Justice 15% 5% -10%
Defense Army & Air Force Exchange Service 19% 13% -6%
Department of Energy 14% 11% -3%

8a. National Aeronautics and Space Administration had Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate in FY 2004

In FY 2004, NASA had the largest decline in ADR participation rate in the pre-complaint process. The largest decline in ADR participation rate is determined by subtracting the ADR participation rate in FY 2004 from the participation rate in FY 2003.

Table 6a - Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Participation Rate Decrease in ADR Participation
FY 2003 FY 2004
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 45% 8% -37%
Defense Office Of Inspector General 25% 0% -25%
Defense Office of the Secretary 21% 2% -19%
Securities & Exchange Commission 33% 15% -18%
Department of Labor 25% 11% -14%

Section B    ADR Techniques Used in the Pre-Complaint Stage

Federal agencies have flexibility in selecting the types of ADR techniques to use in their respective ADR programs. Agencies may consider their mission and their workplace culture to determine which ADR techniques will best meet the needs of their workforce.

1. Mediation Was Overwhelming Choice as ADR Technique in FY 2003

In FY 2003, agencies reported 15,870 ADR attempts during the pre-complaint process. 10 Mediation was selected in nearly 96% of all instances of counseling in which ADR was attempted. Since FY 2000, mediation has been the overwhelming choice of ADR techniques, averaging 96% of all ADR attempts.

Table 7 - ADR Attempts During the Pre-Complaint Process FY 2003

Types of ADR Attempts Counselings Percentage
Mediation 15,222 95.92%
Facilitation 298 1.88%
Settlement Conference 128 0.81%
Multiple Techniques 104 0.66%
Fact Finding 52 0.33%
Other Techniques 32 0.20%
Early Neutral Evaluation 24 0.15%
Ombuds 8 0.05%
Peer Review 2 0.01%
Total ADR Attempts 15,870 100.00%

1a. Mediation Repeats as Choice ADR Technique in FY 2004

In FY 2004, agencies reported 10,714 ADR attempts during the pre-complaint process. Mediation was selected in 95% of all instances of counseling in which ADR was attempted in FY 2004.

Table 7a - ADR Attempts During the Pre-Complaint Process FY 2004

Types of ADR Attempts Counselings Percentage
Mediation 10,196 95.17%
Facilitation 288 2.69%
Settlement Conference 44 0.41%
Multiple Techniques 80 0.75%
Fact Finding 58 0.54%
Other Techniques 12 0.11%
Early Neutral Evaluation 18 0.17%
Ombuds 14 0.13%
Peer Review 4 0.03%
Total ADR Attempts 10,714 100.00%

2. Excluding U.S. Postal Service, Mediation is Technique of Choice

Because the U.S. Postal Service reported 12,434 out of the 15,870 ADR attempts in FY 2003, the government-wide data is largely impacted by that agency. Even excluding the U.S. Postal Service data, however, mediation was the preeminent ADR technique during the pre-complaint process in FY 2003, as it was utilized in 82% of all ADR attempts as shown in Table 8. Table 8a shows the FY 2004 impact.

Table 8 - ADR Attempts in the Pre-Complaint Process
(Excluding the U.S. Postal Service)
FY 2003

Types of ADR Attempts Counselings Percentage
Mediation 2,807 81.69%
Facilitation 288 8.38%
Settlement Conference 128 3.73%
Multiple Techniques 104 3.03%
Fact Finding 52 1.51%
Other Techniques 32 0.93%
Early Neutral Evaluation 15 0.44%
Ombuds 8 0.23%
Peer Review 2 0.06%
Total ADR Attempts 3,436 100.00%

Table 8a - ADR Attempts in the Pre-Complaint Process
(Excluding the U.S. Postal Service)
FY 2004

Types of ADR Attempts Counselings Percentage
Mediation 3,214 86.14%
Facilitation 288 7.72%
Settlement Conference 44 1.18%
Multiple Techniques 79 2.12%
Fact Finding 58 1.55%
Other Techniques 12 0.32%
Early Neutral Evaluation 18 0.48%
Ombuds 14 0.38%
Peer Review 4 0.11%
Total ADR Attempts 3,731 100.00%

3. Efficiency of ADR Attempts Decreased by 10 Days

The maximum time allowed for ADR during the pre-complaint process is 90 days. 29 C.F.R. §1614.105(f). A three-year analysis of the data shows that the average time for ADR attempts during the pre-complaint process increased from 36 days in FY 2002 to 46 days in FY 2004. These processing times, however, remain well within the 90-day maximum allowed for ADR.

Table 9 - Average Time By ADR Attempts in the Pre-Complaint Process
11 FYs 2002 - 2004

ADR Techniques Average Time Per Technique
FY 2002 FY 2003 FY 2004
Mediation 36 days 34 days 46 days
Facilitation 27 days 62 days 50 days
Settlement Conference 23 days 33 days 38 days
Multiple Techniques 14 days 33 days 39 days
Fact Finding 25 days 27 days 26 days
Other Techniques 61 days 28 days 31 days
Early Neutral Evaluation 18 days 43 days 8 days
Ombuds 20 days 75 days 8 days
Peer Review 30 days 38 days 39 days
Total ADR Attempts 36 days 34 days 46 days

Section C    Sources of ADR Neutrals in the Pre-Complaint Stage

The Administrative Dispute Resolution Act defines a neutral as an individual who, with respect to an issue in controversy, functions specifically to aid the parties in resolving the controversy.12 In the federal sector, ADR programs have the discretion to select the source(s) of neutrals to conduct ADR proceedings.

Federal sector ADR programs selected neutrals from the following sources: (1) in-house (employees within the agency trained in ADR); (2) another federal agency; (3) private organizations; (4) multiple sources; and (5) other sources.

1. Private Organizations Were Primary Source of Neutrals in FY 2003 and FY 2004

Government-wide data shows that in FY 2003, neutrals from private organizations (including bar associations, individual volunteers, and contractors) were selected more often than any other source of neutrals. A three-year analysis of the data shows that the percentage of neutrals from private organizations increased from 70% in FY 2002 to 79% in FY 2003. The percentage decreased to 65% in FY 2004. Since FY 2000, neutrals from private organizations have averaged 73% of all ADR attempts.

Figure 3 - Sources of Neutrals in the Pre-Complaint Process FY 2003

Imagen

Figure 3a - Sources of Neutrals in the Pre-Complaint Process FY 2004

Imagen

2. Excluding U.S. Postal Service, In-House Neutrals Dominated

The U.S. Postal Service exclusively used private organizations in 12,434 (78%) out of the 15,870 government-wide total instances of counseling that attempted ADR in FY 2003, and in 6,982 (65%) out of the 10,714 total instances of counselings that attempted ADR in FY 2004. When the U.S. Postal Service data is excluded from the number of ADR attempts, federal agencies selected in-house neutrals more frequently than any other source of neutrals in FY 2003 and FY 2004.

A three-year analysis of the data shows that the use of in-house neutrals decreased from 67% in FY 2002 to 63% in FY 2003 and to 59% in FY 2004. Since FY 2000, the use of in-house neutrals has declined each year; however, it remains the primary source of neutrals, averaging 69% of all ADR attempts over the past 5 years (excluding U.S. Postal Service data).

Figure 4 - Sources of Neutrals in the Pre-Complaint Process (Excluding the U.S. Postal Service) FY 2003

Imagen

Figure 4a - Sources of Neutrals in the Pre-Complaint Process
(Excluding the U.S. Postal Service)
FY 2004

Imagen

Section D    Effectiveness of ADR in the Pre-Complaint Stage

One factor in determining the effectiveness of ADR in the federal sector EEO process is the percentage of EEO disputes that are resolved each fiscal year.13 Of the 17,216 ADR closures during the pre-complaint process in FY 2004, the ADR process resulted in 8,391 (49%) resolutions.14 A three-year analysis of the data shows that the ADR resolution rate decreased from 62% in FY 2002 to 60% in FY 2003 to 49% in FY 2004. The ADR resolution rate has declined from 63% to 49% in FY 2004; however, the ADR resolution rate has averaged 58% over the five-year period.

Figure 5 - Trends in ADR Resolutions During the Pre-Complaint Process FYs 2000 - 2004

Imagen

1. Federal Emergency Management Agency had Highest Resolution Rate in FY 2003 15

In FY 2003, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) had the highest ADR resolution rate in the pre-complaint process. The ADR resolution rate is obtained by dividing the number of ADR resolutions by the number of ADR closures. A table with the complete ranking of agencies by ADR resolution rate is located at www.eeoc.gov/federal/adr/datatables/index.html.

Table 10 - Highest ADR Resolution Rates During the Pre-Complaint Process
FY 2003

Agencies ADR Closures ADR Resolutions Resolution Rate
Federal Emergency Management Agency 16 16 100%
Defense National Guard Bureau 36 33 92%
Defense Logistics Agency 58 49 84%
National Archives & Records Administration 22 18 82%
Department of the Army 326 254 78%

1a. Defense Dependent Education Activity had Highest Resolution Rate in FY 2004

In FY 2004, the Defense Dependent Education Activity had the highest ADR resolution rate in the pre-complaint process. Department of Veterans Affairs also moved into the top five.

Table 10a - Highest ADR Resolution Rates During the Pre-Complaint Process
FY 2004

Agencies ADR Closures ADR Resolutions Resolution Rate
Defense Dependent Education Activity 52 52 100%
Defense Logistics Agency 77 65 84%
Department of Veterans Affairs 448 355 79%
National Archives and Records Administration 20 15 75%
Defense National Guard Bureau 18 13 72%

2. National Aeronautics and Space Administration had Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate in FY 2003

In FY 2003, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration had the most improved ADR resolution rate in the pre-complaint process. The most improved ADR resolution rate is determined by subtracting the ADR resolution rate for FY 2002 from the resolution rate for FY 2003.

Table 11 - Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Resolution Rate Increase in Resolution Rate
FY 2002 FY 2003
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 20% 61% 41%
Department of the Interior 34% 71% 37%
Department of Agriculture 17% 52% 35%
Department of the Army 53% 78% 25%
Federal Emergency Management Agency 75% 100% 25%

2a. Department of Education had Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate in FY 2004

In FY 2004, the Department of Education had the most improved ADR resolution rate in the pre- complaint process. Defense Finance and Accounting Service had the second highest rate increase with a 60% increase.

Table 11a - Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Resolution Rate Increase in Resolution Rate
FY 2003 FY 2004
Department of Education 0% 100% 100%
Defense Finance and Accounting Service 0% 60% 60%
General Services Administration 41% 68% 27%
Department of Veterans Affairs 59% 79% 20%
Department of Housing and Urban Development 37% 54% 17%

3. Department of Labor had Largest Decline In ADR Resolution Rate in FY 2003

In FY 2003, the Department of Labor had the largest decline in ADR resolution rate in the pre- complaint process. The largest decline in ADR resolution rate is determined by subtracting the ADR resolution rate in FY 2003 from the resolution rate in FY 2002.

Table 12 - Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Resolution Rate Decrease in Resolution Rate
FY 2002 FY 2003
Department of Labor 82% 31% -51%
Department of Commerce 81% 33% -48%
Department of State 81% 37% -44%
Small Business Administration 100% 67% -33%
Defense Commissary Agency 89% 59% -30%

3a. In FY 2004, Department Of Navy had Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate

In FY 2004, the Department of the Navy had the largest decline in ADR resolution rate in the pre-complaint process. The largest decline in ADR resolution rate is determined by subtracting the ADR resolution rate in FY 2004 from the resolution rate in FY 2003.

Table 12a - Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Resolution Rate Decrease in Resolution Rate
FY 2003 FY 2004
Department of the Navy 76% 23% -53%
Smithsonian Institution 70% 35% -35%
Department of Health and Human Services 75% 43% -32%
Department of Transportation 67% 36% -31%
Small Business Administration 67% 46% -21%

4. Pre-Complaint ADR Closures Average Processing Time is Increasing

A three-year analysis of the data shows that the average processing time (APT) for ADR closures during the pre-complaint process increased from 38 days in FY 2002 to 39 days in FY 2003 to 61 days in FY 2004. Table 13 shows the average processing time in FY 2003 and Table 13a shows the average processing time in FY 2004.16

Table 13 - Average Processing Time in the Pre-Complaint Process FY 2003

Types of ADR Closure ADR Closures Total Days Average Processing Time
Settlement 7,168 276,218 39 days
No Resolution 6,020 234,093 39 days
No Complaint Filed 4,461 175,435 39 days
No ADR Attempt* 1,708 66,830 39 days
Other Closures 25 330 13 days
Total ADR Closures 19,382 752,906 39 days

* "No ADR Attempt" means that the both parties agreed to participate in ADR, but one of the parties withdrew from the ADR process prior to the ADR attempt.

Table 13a- Average Processing Time in the Pre-Complaint Process
FY 2004

Types of ADR Closure ADR Closures Total Days Average Processing Time
Settlement 6,427 342,898 53 days
No Resolution 3,154 165,192 52 days
No Complaint Filed 1,964 111,958 57 days
No ADR Attempt 4,970 392,341 79 days
Other Closures 701 35,751 51 days
Total ADR Closures 17,216 1,048,140 61

5. National Guard Bureau had Fastest APT for ADR Closures in FY 2003 and Defense Logistics Agency in FY 2004

In FY 2003, as shown in Table 14, the National Guard Bureau had the fastest average processing time (APT) for ADR closures in the pre-complaint process. In FY 2004, Defense Logistics Agency had the fastest APT, as shown in Table 14a. The government-wide average in FY 2004 is 61 days. If two or more agencies have the same average processing time, the agency with the most ADR closures was given the highest ranking.

Table 14 - Fastest Average Processing Time in the Pre-Complaint Process
FY 2003

Agencies ADR Closures (Counselings) Total Days For ADR Closures Average Processing Time
National Guard Bureau 36 525 15 days
Department of Transportation 203 4,342 21 days
Social Security Administration 97 2,752 28 days
Department of Agriculture 276 8,731 32 days
Department of the Interior 31 1,006 32 days

Table 14a - Fastest Average Processing Time in the Pre-Complaint Process
FY 2004

Agencies ADR Closures (Counselings) Total Days For ADR Closures Average Processing Time
Defense Logistics Agency 77 1,461 19 days
Defense National Guard Bureau 18 425 24 days
Defense Dependent Education Activity 52 1,299 25 days
Defense Finance and Accounting Service 20 561 28 days
Defense National Geospatial- Intelligence Agency 12 374 31 days

6. After Significant Increases in FY 2002 and FY2003, Overall Resolution Rate Returns to FY 2001 Level

Of the 45,030 instances of counseling that were completed in FY 2003, 28,011 (62%) were resolved through EEO Counseling or ADR, including a total of 8,298 settlements.17 In FY 2004, there were 42,412 instances of counseling and 21,520 (51%) were resolved through EEO Counseling or ADR, including a total of 8,332 settlements. A three-year analysis of the data shows that the total resolution rate increased by one percentage point, climbing from 61% in FY 2002 to 62% in FY 2003 but dropped 10 percentage points in FY 2004 to 52% which is 1% above the total resolution rate in FY 2001.

Table 15 - Comparison of Pre-Complaint Resolutions
FYs 2000 - 2004

Fiscal Year Completed Counselings Settlements No Formal Complaint Total Resolutions
Total ADR EEO Counseling ADR EEO Counseling ADR EEO Counseling ADR EEO Counseling
2000 52,611 15,985 36,626 7,056 7,162 2,954 10,915 10,010 18,077
2001 47,658 18,143 29,515 8,318 3,632 1,787 10,620 10,105 14,252
2002 56,275 12,886 43,389 5,888 3,162 2,129 23,151 8,017 26,313
2003 45,030 19,382 25,648 7,168 1,130 4,461 15,252 11,629 16,382
2004 42,412 17,216 25,196 6,427 1,905 1,964 11,700 8,391 13,605

7. Trends in Resolution Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process with U.S. Postal Service Data

From FY 2000 to FY 2004, ADR has averaged a resolution rate of 58%, while EEO counseling has averaged a resolution rate of 53%. In FY 2003, the EEO counseling resolution rate (64%) exceeded the ADR resolution rate (60%). In FY 2004, the EEO counseling resolution rate (54%) continued to exceed the ADR resolution rate (49%).

Figure 6 - Trends in Resolution Rates During the Pre-Complaint Process FYs 2000 - 2004

Imagen

8. Trends in Resolution Rate in the Pre-Complaint Process without U.S. Postal Service Data

Because the U.S. Postal Service reported 12,595 out of the 17,216 ADR closures in FY 2004, the government-wide data is largely impacted by that agency. When the U.S. Postal Service is excluded from the government-wide data, the resolution rate in FY 2004 declined for ADR (from 58% to 57%) and the resolution rate for EEO counseling decreased (from 63% to 58%).

Figure 7 - Trends in Resolution Rates During the Pre-Complaint Process (Excluding the U.S. Postal Service) FYs 2000 - 2004

Imagen

Section E    Benefits Obtained Through ADR Settlements in the Pre-Complaint Stage

The types of monetary benefits reported were: (1) compensatory damages; (2) back pay/front pay; (3) lump sum; (4) attorney's fees; and (5) other monetary benefits. The types of non- monetary benefits reported were: (1) new hire; (2) promotion; (3) reinstatement; (4) expungement of records; (5) transfer; (6) rescind removal/voluntary resignation; (7) reasonable accommodation; and (8) other non-monetary benefits.

1. Amount of Pre-Complaint Monetary Benefits on the Rise

During the pre-complaint process in FY 2004, 8,332 instances of counseling were resolved through settlement agreements, either with the use of ADR or traditional EEO counseling. In particular, 9,008 18 settlements were resolved with non-monetary benefits, and 603 settlements were resolved with monetary benefits, totaling $3,137,911. In FY 2004, the amount of monetary benefits in pre-complaint settlements averaged $5,204 per case. Over the last three fiscal years, the total amount of monetary benefits in pre-complaint settlements averaged $4,925 per case.

Table 16 - Comparison of Pre-Complaint Monetary Benefits 19
FYs 2001 - 2004

Fiscal Year Monetary Settlements (Counselings) Monetary Benefits Average Monetary Benefits
Total ADR EEO Counseling Total ADR EEO Counseling Total ADR EEO Counseling
2001 983 692 291 $4,470,855 $2,331,867 $2,138,988 $4,548 $3,370 $7,350
2002 568 435 133 $2,527,538 $1,942,638 $584,900 $4,450 $4,466 $4,398
2003 621 464 157 $3,160,565 $1,384,474 $1,776,091 $5,089 $2,984 $11,313
2004 603 416 187 $3,137,911 $1,609,404 $1,528,507 $5,204 $3,896 $8,174

2. ADR Settlements Were Less Expensive Than EEO Counseling Settlements in FY 2003

During the pre-complaint process in FY 2003, ADR efforts resulted in 7,168 settlements, including 464 with monetary benefits totaling $1,384,474, and EEO counseling resulted in 1,130 settlements, including 157 with monetary benefits totaling $1,776,091. Although more ADR settlements were reported in FY 2003 than in the previous fiscal year, the total amount of ADR settlements decreased by $558,164. As a result, the average amount of monetary benefits for ADR settlements declined to $2,984 in FY 2003. With regard to settlements through EEO counseling, both the number and amount of settlements increased in FY 2003. By contrast, the average for EEO counseling settlements increased substantially to $11,313 in FY 2003. Over the last three fiscal years,20 the average amount of monetary benefits was $3,607 for ADR settlements, while the average for EEO counseling settlements was $7,687.

The table below shows that in FY 2003, the lump sum payment was the most frequently used type of monetary settlement benefit. Compensatory damages had the highest average of monetary benefits.

Table 17 - Monetary Benefits in the Pre-Complaint Process 21
FY 2003

Types of Monetary Benefits Counselings Total Monetary Benefits Average Amount
ADR EEO Counseling ADR EEO Counseling ADR EEO Counseling
Lump Sum 189 76 $725,696 $1,084,809 $3,840 $14,274
Back Pay/Front Pay 136 25 $179,090 $228,532 $1,317 $9,141
Other Benefits 65 26 $99,923 $35,203 $1,537 $1,354
Attorney's Fees 63 17 $223,284 $88,173 $3,544 $5,187
Compensatory Damages 29 13 $156,481 $339,374 $5,396 $26,106
Total Monetary Benefits 464 157 $1,384,474 $1,776,091 $2,984 $11,313

2a. In FY 2004, ADR Settlements Were Again Less Expensive on Average Than EEO Counseling Settlements

During the pre-complaint process in FY 2004, ADR efforts resulted in 6,427 settlements, including 416 with monetary benefits totaling $1,609,404, and EEO counseling resulted in 1,905 settlements, including 187 with monetary benefits totaling $1,528,507. Although fewer ADR settlements were reported in FY 2004 than in the previous fiscal year, the total amount of ADR settlements increased by $224,930. With regard to settlements through EEO counseling, the number of settlements increased while the amount of settlements through EEO counseling decreased in FY 2004. As a result, the average amount of monetary benefits for ADR settlements increased to $3,869 in FY 2004. By contrast, the average for EEO counseling settlements decreased substantially to $8,174 in FY 2004. Over the last four fiscal years, the average amount of monetary benefits for ADR settlements was $3,673, while the average for EEO counseling settlements was $7,809.

The table below shows that in FY 2004, the lump sum payment was the most frequently used type of monetary settlement benefit. Compensatory damages had the highest average of monetary benefits.

Table 17 a - Monetary Benefits in the Pre-Complaint Process 22
FY 2004

Types of Monetary Benefits Counselings Total Monetary Benefits Average Amount
ADR EEO Counseling ADR EEO Counseling ADR EEO Counseling
Lump Sum 149 92 $780,650 $590,503 $5,239 $6,419
Back Pay/Front Pay 113 29 $272,792 $78,824 $2,414 $2,718
Other Benefits 55 19 $92,939 $35,048 $1,690 $1,845
Attorney's Fees 65 33 $215,428 $259,780 $3,314 $7,872
Compensatory Damages 45 17 $247,596 $294,352 $5,502 $17,315
Total Monetary Benefits 416 187 $1,609,404 $1,528,507 $3,869 $8,174

3. "Other Non-Monetary Benefits" Were Most Frequently Reported in Pre- Complaint Settlements in FY 2003

During the pre-complaint process in FY 2003, ADR efforts resulted in 7,168 settlements, including 6,779 with non-monetary benefits, and EEO counseling resulted in 1,130 settlements, including 973 with non-monetary benefits.

The table below shows that in FY 2003, "other non-monetary benefits" was the category most frequently reported, appearing in 66% of the ADR settlements and 33% of the EEO counseling settlements. Examples of other non-monetary benefits include a modified appraisal rating, an updated position description, priority consideration, a detail, a desk audit, leave restored/modified, a neutral reference, and a reassignment of duties.

Table 18 - Non-Monetary Benefits in the Pre-Complaint Process 23
FY 2003

Types of Non-Monetary Benefits Completed Counselings
ADR EEO Counseling
Other Non-Monetary Benefits 4,505 320
Expungement of Records 808 93
Reasonable Accommodation 401 53
Training 400 122
Apology 236 134
Removal Rescinded/Voluntary Resignation 169 69
Transfer 153 101
Promotion 93 45
Reinstatement 90 16
New Hire 36 20
Total Non-Monetary Benefits 6,779 973

3a. In FY 2004, "Other Non-Monetary Benefits" Were Again Most Frequently Reported In Pre-Complaint Settlements

During the pre-complaint process in FY 2004, ADR efforts resulted in 6,427 settlements, including 5,978 with non-monetary benefits, and EEO counseling resulted in 1,905 settlements, including 1,515 with non-monetary benefits.

The table below shows that in FY 2004, "other non-monetary benefits" was the category most frequently reported, appearing in 80% of the ADR settlements and 51% of the EEO counseling settlements.

Table 18 a - Non-Monetary Benefits in the Pre-Complaint Process 24
FY 2004

Types of Non-Monetary Benefits Completed Counselings
ADR EEO Counseling
Other Non-Monetary Benefits 4,800 768
Expungement of Records 272 159
Reasonable Accommodation 203 112
Training 223 165
Apology 449 160
Removal Rescinded/Voluntary Resignation 160 65
Transfer 186 114
Promotion 89 56
Reinstatement 50 25
New Hire 60 14
Total Non-Monetary Benefits 5,978 1,515

Section A    ADR Usage in the Formal Complaint Stage

Agencies are required by EEOC regulations to have an ADR program available for both the pre- complaint and formal complaint processes. However, they have the discretion to determine when an EEO matter is appropriate for ADR, and at what point in the EEO process to offer ADR. They may establish written procedures to identify when ADR will be offered, or they may decide to offer ADR on a case-by-case basis.

1. Slight Increase in Government-wide ADR Usage in FY 2003 but Declines in FY 2004

In FY 2003, 20,226 formal complaints were filed. When the number of complaints filed (20,226) is combined with complaints pending from the previous fiscal year (30,725) and complaints remanded for investigation (824), there was a complaint workload of 51,775. Agencies offered ADR to individuals in 6,068 complaints (12%). Of the total complaint workload, 3,665 (7%) agreed to participate and were accepted into the agency's ADR program.

In FY 2004, 19,024 formal complaints were filed. When the number of complaints filed (19,024) is combined with complaints pending from the previous fiscal year (29,250) and complaints remanded for investigation (281), there was a complaint workload of 48,555. Agencies offered ADR to individuals in 3,572 complaints (7.36%). Of the total complaint workload, 1,347 (2.77%) agreed to participate and were accepted into the agency's ADR program. The data below shows that ADR is significantly under-utilized at the formal complaint stage of the EEO process, due in large part to agencies' failure to offer ADR once a formal complaint has been filed.

A three-year analysis of the data shows that the ADR participation rate during the formal complaint stage increased from 4% in FY 2002 to 7% in FY 2003 but decreased to 2.77% in FY 2004. Since FY 2001, the ADR participation rate has averaged merely 4.44% of the complaint workload.

Figure 8 - ADR Usage in the Formal Complaint Process 25 FYs 2001 - 2004

Imagen

2. In FY 2004, U.S. Postal Service Low Offer Rate Impacts Government- Wide Usage

Because the U.S. Postal reported 18,748 (38.6%) out of the 48,555 complaint workload in FY 2004, the government-wide data is largely impacted by that agency. When the FY 2004 data is examined excluding the U.S. Postal Service, the ADR offer rate at the formal complaint stage increased from 7.36% to 11.3%, and the ADR participation rate increased from 2.77% to 4.18%. Despite an increase in the ADR offer rate from 7% in FY 2002 to 7.36% in FY 2004, the ADR participation rate decreased statistically from over 4% in FY 2002 to less than 3% in FY 2004.

Figure 9 - Comparison of ADR Usage Between U.S. Postal Service
and All Other Agencies in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2001 - 2004

Imagen

3. In FY 2003, National Imagery & Mapping Agency had Highest ADR Offer Rate

In FY 2003, the National Imagery & Mapping Agency, now known as Defense National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency had the highest ADR offer rate in the formal complaint process. The ADR offer rate is obtained by dividing the number ADR offers by the number of the complaint workload. A table with the complete ranking of agencies by ADR offer rate is located at www.eeoc.gov/federal/adr/datatables/index.html.

Table 19 - Highest ADR Offer Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FY 2003

Agencies Complaint Workload ADR Offers Offer Rate
National Imagery & Mapping Agency 35 24 69%
National Gallery of Art 21 13 62%
Department of the Air Force 1,297 589 45%
Defense Commissary Agency 368 141 38%
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 132 50 38%

3a. In FY 2004, National Gallery of Art had Highest ADR Offer Rate

In FY 2004, the National Gallery of Art had the highest ADR offer rate in the formal complaint process moving to the top from its second position in FY 2003.

Table 19a - Highest ADR Offer Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FY 2004

Agencies Complaint Workload ADR Offers Offer Rate
National Gallery of Art 18 11 61%
Broadcasting Board of Governors 49 24 49%
Defense Commissary Agency 353 148 42%
Central Intelligence Agency 40 15 38%
Defense Information Systems Agency 34 13 38%

4. In FY 2003, National Imagery & Mapping Agency had Most Improved ADR Offer Rate

In FY 2003, the National Imagery & Mapping Agency had the most improved ADR offer rate in the formal complaint stage. The most improved ADR offer rate is determined by subtracting the ADR offer rate for FY 2002 from the offer rate for FY 2003.

Table 20 - Most Improved ADR Offer Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Offer Rate Increase in ADR Offers
FY 2002 FY 2003
National Imagery & Mapping Agency 31% 69% 38%
Broadcasting Board of Governors 1% 34% 33%
Defense Commissary Agency 7% 38% 31%
National Labor Relations Board 4% 20% 16%
Department of the Interior 2% 15% 13%

4a. Central Intelligence Agency had Most Improved ADR Offer Rate in FY 2004

In FY 2004, the Central Intelligence Agency had the most improved ADR offer rate in the formal complaint stage. The most improved ADR offer rate is determined by subtracting the ADR offer rate for FY 2003 from the offer rate for FY 2004.

Table 20a - Most Improved ADR Offer Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Offer Rate Increase in ADR Offers
FY 2003 FY 2004
Central Intelligence Agency 0% 38% 38%
Environmental Protection Agency 4% 31% 27%
Defense Information Systems Agency 13% 38% 25%
Defense National Guard Bureau 19% 34% 15%
Broadcasting Board of Governors 34% 49% 15%

5. In FY 2003, Department of the Air Force had Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate

In FY 2003, the Department of the Air Force had the largest decline in ADR offer rate in the formal complaint process. The largest decline in ADR offer rate is determined by subtracting the ADR offer rate for FY 2003 from the offer rate for FY 2002.

Table 21 - Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Offer Rate Decrease in ADR Offers
FY 2002 FY 2003
Department of the Air Force 64% 45% -19%
Department of Commerce 18% 3% -15%
Department of Health & Human Services 14% 6% -8%
Defense Army &a,p; Air Force Exchange Service 25% 18% -7%
National Gallery of Art 67% 62% -5%

5a. In FY 2004, Defense National Geospatial-Intelligence had Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate

In FY 2004, the Defense National Geospatial-Intelligence had the largest decline in ADR offer rate in the formal complaint process.

Table 21a - Largest Decline in ADR Offer Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Offer Rate Decrease in ADR Offers
FY 2003 FY 2004
Defense National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency 69% 14% -55%
Department of the Air Force 45% 25% -20%
United States Postal Service 15% 1% -14%
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 38% 27% -11%
Department of the Interior 15% 5% -10%

6. Defense Commissary Agency had Highest ADR Participation Rate in FY 2003

In FY 2003, the Defense Commissary Agency had the highest ADR participation rate in the formal complaint process. The ADR participation rate is obtained by dividing the number cases processed in ADR by the number of the complaint workload. A table with the complete ranking of agencies by ADR offer rate is located at www.eeoc.gov/federal/adr/datatables/index.html.

Table 22 - Highest ADR Participation Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FY 2003

Agencies Complaints Workload Participation in ADR Participation Rate
Defense Commissary Agency 368 66 18%
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 132 18 14%
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 99 13 13%
U.S. Postal Service 19,809 2,502 13%
Department of the Army 2,267 276 12%

6a. In FY 2004, Smithsonian Institution and Department of Education had Highest ADR Participation Rate

In FY 2004, the Smithsonian Institution and Department of Education had the highest ADR participation rate in the formal complaint process.

Table 22a - Highest ADR Participation Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FY 2004

Agencies Complaints Workload Participation in ADR Participation Rate
Smithsonian Institution 353 84 24%
Department of Education 121 29 24%
National Archives and Records Administration 306 55 18%
National Labor Relations Board 34 6 18%
Defense Office of the Inspector General 1,399 204 15%

7. In FY 2003, Defense Commissary Agency had Most Improved ADR Participation Rate

In FY 2003, the Defense Commissary Agency had the most improved ADR participation rate in the formal complaint process. The most improved ADR participation rate is determined by subtracting the ADR participation rate for FY 2002 from the participation rate for FY 2003.

Table 23 - Most Improved ADR Participation Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Participation Rate Increase in ADR Participation
FY 2002 FY 2003
Defense Commissary Agency 6% 18% 12%
U.S. Postal Service 3% 13% 10%
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 6% 13% 7%
Department of the Interior 2% 7% 5%
Defense Contract Management Agency 1% 6% 5%

7a. In FY 2004, Department of Education had Most Improved ADR Participation Rate

In FY 2004, the Department of Education had the most improved ADR participation rate in the formal complaint process. The most improved ADR participation rate is determined by subtracting the ADR participation rate for FY 2003 from the participation rate for FY 2004.

Table 23a - Most Improved ADR Participation Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Participation Rate Increase in ADR Participation
FY 2003 FY 2004
Department of Education 0% 24% 24%
Smithsonian Institution 2% 24% 22%
National Labor Relations Board 2% 18% 16%
National Archives and Records Administration 3% 18% 15%
Federal Election Commission 0% 14% 14%

8. National Aeronautics and Space Administration had Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate in FY 2003

In FY 2003, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration had the largest decline in ADR participation rate in the formal complaint process. The largest decline in ADR participation rate is determined by subtracting the ADR participation rate for FY 2003 from the participation rate for FY 2003.

Table 24 - Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Participation Rate Decrease in ADR Participation
FY 2002 FY 2003
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 22% 14% -8%
Department of the Air Force 15% 11% -4%
Department of Agriculture 6% 2% -4%
Department of Justice 4% 1% -3%
Department of Labor 9% 6% -3%

8a. In FY 2004, Defense Commissary Agency had Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate

In FY 2004, the Defense Commissary Agency had the largest decline in ADR participation rate in the formal complaint process. The largest decline in ADR participation rate is determined by subtracting the ADR participation rate for FY 2004 from the participation rate for FY 2003.

Table 24a - Largest Decline in ADR Participation Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Participation Rate Decrease in ADR Participation
FY 2003 FY 2004
Defense Commissary Agency 18% 5% -13%
National Gallery of Art 10% 1% -9%
United States Postal Service 13% 5% -8%
Defense Information Systems Agency 10% 5% -5%

Section B    ADR Techniques Used in the Formal Complaint Stage

Federal agencies have flexibility in selecting the types of ADR techniques to use in their respective ADR programs. Agencies may consider their mission and their workplace culture to determine which ADR techniques will best meet the needs of their workforce.

1. In FY 2003, Mediation was Primary Choice as ADR Technique

In FY 2003, agencies reported 3,293 ADR attempts during the formal complaint process. Mediation was selected in 85% of all formal complaints which attempted ADR in FY 2003. The use of mediations in ADR attempts increased by 12 percentage points, climbing from 73% in FY 2002 to 85% in FY 2003.

Table 25 - ADR Attempts in the Formal Complaint Process
FY 2003

ADR Attempts Complaints Percentage
Mediation 2,804 85.15%
Settlement Conference 331 10.05%
Facilitation 74 2.25%
Fact Finding 56 1.70%
Multiple Techniques 14 0.43%
Minitrial 6 0.18%
Early Neutral Evaluation 5 0.15%
Ombuds 2 0.06%
Other Techniques 1 0.03%
Total ADR Attempts 3,293 100.00%

1a. In FY 2004, Mediation was Again Primary Choice as ADR Technique

In FY 2004, agencies reported 2,202 ADR attempts during the formal complaint process. Mediation was selected in 90% of all formal complaints which attempted ADR in FY 2004. The use of mediation in ADR attempts increased by five percentage points, climbing from 85% in FY 2003 to 90% in FY 2004. Since FY 2000, mediation has been used more than any other ADR technique at the formal complaint stage of the EEO process, averaging 79% of all ADR attempts.

Table 25a - ADR Attempts in the Formal Complaint Process
FY 2004

ADR Attempts Complaints Percentage
Mediation 1,977 89.78%
Settlement Conference 123 5.59%
Facilitation 59 2.68%
Fact Finding 15 0.68%
Multiple Techniques 23 1.04%
Minitrial 0 0.00%
Early Neutral Evaluation 3 0.14%
Ombuds 2 0.09%
Other Techniques 0 0.00%
Total ADR Attempts 2,202 100.00%

2. In FY 2003, Excluding U.S. Postal Service, Mediation Still Most Popular Technique

Because the U.S. Postal Service reported 2,109 out of the 3,293 ADR attempts during the formal complaint process in FY 2003, the government-wide data is largely impacted by that agency. Even excluding the U.S. Postal Service data, mediation continued to be the preeminent ADR technique during the formal complaint process in FY 2003 at 65%. The second most popular ADR technique at the formal complaint stage was the settlement conference, used in nearly 22% of the ADR attempts.

Table 26 - ADR Attempts During the Formal Complaint Process
(Excluding the U.S. Postal Service) FY 2003

ADR Attempts Complaints Percentage
Mediation 770 65.03%
Settlement Conference 256 21.62%
Facilitation 74 6.25%
Fact Finding 56 4.73%
Multiple Techniques 14 1.18%
Minitrial 6 0.18%
Early Neutral Evaluation 5 0.15%
Ombuds 2 0.06%
Other Techniques 1 0.08%
Total ADR Attempts 1,184 100.00%

2a. In FY 2004, Excluding U.S. Postal Service, Mediation was Still Most Popular Technique

Because the U.S. Postal Service reported 973 out of the 2,202 ADR attempts during the formal complaint process in FY 2004, the government-wide data is largely impacted by that agency. Even excluding the U.S. Postal Service data, mediation continued to be the preeminent ADR technique during the formal complaint process in FY 2004 at 82%. The second most popular ADR technique at the formal complaint stage was the settlement conference, used in 10% of the ADR attempts.

Table 26a - ADR Attempts During the Formal Complaint Process
(Excluding the U.S. Postal Service) FY 2004

ADR Attempts Complaints Percentage
Mediation 1004 81.69%
Settlement Conference 123 10.01%
Facilitation 59 4.80%
Fact Finding 15 1.22%
Multiple Techniques 23 1.87%
Minitrial 0 0.00%
Early Neutral Evaluation 3 0.25%
Ombuds 2 0.16%
Other Techniques 0 0.00%
Total ADR Attempts 1,229 100.00%

3. Efficiency of ADR Attempts Decreased by 27 days

The maximum time allowed for ADR during the formal complaint process is 90 days. A three- year analysis of the data shows that the average processing time (APT) for ADR attempts during the formal complaint process decreased from 65 days in FY 2002 to 58 days in FY 2003 but increased to 92 days in FY 2004.26 As such, the efficiency of the ADR attempts decreased by 27 days in the three year period. The average processing time over the three year period is 72 days.

Table 27 - Average Processing Time By ADR Attempts During the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2004

ADR Techniques Average Processing Time
FY 2002 FY 2003 FY 2004
Mediation 62 days 58 days 95 days
Settlement Conference 85 days 64 days 103 days
Facilitation 28 days 58 days 31 days
Fact Finding 125 days 54 days 6 days
Multiple Techniques N/A 6 days 25 days
Minitrial N/A 88 days 0 days
Early Neutral Evaluation 20 days 12 days 63 days
Ombuds N/A 40 days 13 days
Other Techniques 45 days 28 days 0 days
Total ADR Attempts 65 days 58 days 92 days

Section C    Sources of Neutrals in the Formal Complaint Stage

The Administrative Dispute Resolution Act defines a neutral as an individual who, with respect to an issue in controversy, functions specifically to aid the parties in resolving the controversy.27 In the federal sector, ADR programs have the discretion to select the source(s) of neutrals to conduct ADR proceedings.

During FY 2004, federal sector ADR programs selected neutrals from the following sources: (1) in-house (employees within the agency); (2) another federal agency; (3) private organizations; (4) multiple sources; and (5) other sources.

1. Private Organizations Were Most Popular Source of Neutrals

Government-wide data shows that in FY 2004, neutrals from private organizations (including bar associations, individual volunteers, and contractors) were selected more often than any other source of neutrals. A three-year analysis of the data shows that neutrals from private organizations were used at an increasing rate, climbing from 41% in FY 2002 to 67% in FY 2003 but then declining to 55% in FY 2004. Since FY 2000, neutrals from private organizations have averaged 47% of all ADR attempts.

Figure 10 - Sources of Neutrals Used in the Formal Complaint Process FY 2004

Imagen

2. Excluding U.S. Postal Service, Majority of Neutrals Were From Another Agency

Because the U.S. Postal Service reported 973 out of the 2,202 total complaints in which ADR was utilized in FY 2004, the government-wide data is largely impacted by that agency. When the U.S. Postal Service data is excluded from the number of ADR attempts, federal agencies selected neutrals from another federal agency more frequently than any other source of neutrals in FY 2004.28

A three-year analysis of the data shows that neutrals from another agency were used at an increasing rate, climbing from 40% in FY 2002 to 47% in FY 2003 but decreased to 41% in FY 2004. Since FY 2000, the use of in-house neutrals has averaged 41% of all ADR attempts, while neutrals from another federal agency has averaged 42%.

Figure 11 - Sources of Neutrals Used During the Formal Complaint Process (Excluding the U.S. Postal Service) FY 2004

Imagen

Section D    Effectiveness of ADR in the Formal Complaint Stage

One factor in determining the effectiveness of ADR in the federal sector EEO process is the percentage of EEO disputes that are resolved each year.29 Of the 2,212 ADR closures during the formal complaint process in FY 2004, 1,704 (77%) resulted in a settlement or withdrawal.30 A three-year analysis of the data shows that the ADR resolution rate at the formal complaint stage decreased by 17 percentage points, falling from 59% in FY 2002 to 42% in FY 2003 but increasing by 35 percentage points to 77% in FY 2004. Since FY 2000, the ADR resolution rate has increased by 15 percentage points, increasing from 62% in FY 2000 to 77% in FY 2004. The ADR resolution rate has averaged nearly 61% over the five-year period.

Figure 12 - Trends in ADR Resolutions During the Formal Complaint Process FYs 2000 - 2004

Imagen

1. In FY 2003, Department of Labor had Highest ADR Resolution Rate

In FY 2003, the Department of Labor had the highest ADR resolution rate in the formal complaint process. The ADR resolution rate is obtained by dividing the number of ADR resolutions by the number of ADR closures. A table with the complete ranking of agencies by ADR resolution rate is located at www.eeoc.gov/federal/adr/datatables/index.html.

Table 28 - Highest ADR Resolution Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FY 2003

Agencies ADR Closures ADR Resolutions Resolution Rate
Department of Labor 32 32 100%
National Archives &amp Records Administration 13 12 92%
Department of the Interior 64 58 91%
Department of the Air Force 145 126 87%
Department of Transportation 60 52 87%

1a. In FY 2004, United States Postal Service had Highest ADR Resolution Rate

In FY 2004, the United States Postal Service had the highest ADR resolution rate in the formal complaint process.

Table 28a - Highest ADR Resolution Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FY 2004

Agencies ADR Closures ADR Resolutions Resolution Rate
United States Postal Service 977 911 93%
Department of the Navy 22 20 91%
Department of Energy 11 10 91%
Department of Labor 57 50 88%
Department of Agriculture 133 101 76%

2. In FY 2003, National Archives &amp Records Administration had Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate

In FY 2003, the National Archives &amp Records Administration had the most improved ADR resolution rate in the formal complaint process. The most improved ADR resolution rate is determined by subtracting the ADR resolution rate for FY 2002 from the resolution rate for FY 2003.

Table 29 - Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Resolution Rate Increase in Resolutions
FY 2002 FY 2003
National Archives & Records Admin. 0% 92% 92%
Department of Justice 18% 79% 61%
Department of the Interior 46% 91% 45%
Department of Transportation 45% 87% 42%
Department of Agriculture 43% 70% 27%

2a. In FY 2004, United States Postal Service had Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate

In FY 2004, the United States Postal Service had the most improved ADR resolution rate in the formal complaint process. The most improved ADR resolution rate is determined by subtracting the ADR resolution rate for FY 2003 from the resolution rate for FY 2004.

Table 29a - Most Improved ADR Resolution Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Resolution Rate Increase in Resolutions
FY 2003 FY 2004
United States Postal Service 30% 93% 63%
Defense Army & Air Force Exchange Services 17% 73% 56%
Department of Energy 53% 91% 38%
Department of Health and Human Services 38% 65% 27%
Department of State 33% 60% 27%

3. In FY 2003, Defense Finance & Accounting Service had Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate

In FY 2003, the Defense Finance & Accounting Service had the largest decline in ADR resolution rate in the formal complaint process. The largest decline in ADR resolution rate is determined by subtracting the ADR resolution rate for FY 2003 from the resolution rate for FY 2002.

Table 30 - Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2002 - 2003

Agencies Resolution Rate Decrease in Resolutions
FY 2002 FY 2003
Defense Finance & Accounting Service 80% 53% -27%
U.S. Postal Service 51% 30% -21%
Department of the Army 85% 65% -20%
Department of Treasury 76% 58% -18%
Defense Commissary Agency 89% 77% -12%

3a. In FY 2004, Department of the Interior had Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate

In FY 2004, the Department of the Interior had the largest decline in ADR resolution rate in the formal complaint process. The largest decline in ADR resolution rate is determined by subtracting the ADR resolution rate for FY 2004 from the resolution rate for FY 2003.

Table 30a - Largest Decline in ADR Resolution Rate in the Formal Complaint Process
FYs 2003 - 2004

Agencies Resolution Rate Decrease in Resolutions
FY 2003 FY 2004
Department of the Interior 91% 37% -54%
Department of Justice 79% 35% -44%
Defense Commissary Agency 77% 51% -26%
Department of Transportation 87% 62% -25%
Defense Contract Management Agency 62% 43% -19%

4. In FY 2003, Resolutions of Complaints Averaged 118 Days Faster than Final Actions

In FY 2003, the combined average processing time (APT) for settlements and withdrawals of all complaint closures was 470 days, while the merit decisions and dismissals were 588 days. Hence, resolutions of complaint closures were completed, on average, 118 days faster than final actions.

Table 31 - Average Processing Time of All Complaint Closures
FY 2003

Type of Complaint Closure Complaint Closures Total Days of Complaint Closures Average Processing Time
Dismissals 2,723 684,597 251 Days
Withdrawals 2,296 872,885 380 Days
Settlements 5,573 2,827,300 507 Days
Merit Decisions 9,180 6,311,842 688 Days
Total Closures 19,772 10,696,624 541 Days

4a. In FY 2004, Resolutions of Complaints Averaged 73 Days Faster than Final Actions

In FY 2004, the combined average processing time (APT) for settlements and withdrawals of all complaint closures was 417 days, while the merit decisions and dismissals were 490 days. Hence, resolutions of complaint closures were completed, on average, 73 days faster than final actions.

Table 31a - Average Processing Time of All Complaint Closures
FY 2004

Type of Complaint Closure Complaint Closures Total Days of Complaint Closures Average Processing Time
Dismissals 5,444 816,262 150
Withdrawals 2,325 716,228 308
Settlements 4,469 2,116,007 473
Merit Decisions 10,915 7,200,470 660
Total Closures 23,153 10,848,967 469

5. Average Processing Time of ADR Closures Increases

A three-year analysis of the data shows that the average processing time (APT) for ADR closures during the formal complaint process decreased substantially from 82 days in FY 2002 to 62 days in FY 2003 but more than doubled to 127 days in FY 2004. As such, the average APT over the last three years has been 90 days.

Table 32 - Average Processing Time in the Formal Complaint ADR Process
FY 2004

Types of ADR Closure ADR Closures Total Days of ADR Closures Average Processing Time
Settlement 1,250 181,520 145 days
Withdrawal 454 48,466 107 days
No Resolution 492 50,225 102 days
Other 16 1,178 74 days
Total 2,212 281,389 127 days

6. In FY 2003, Department of Transportation had Fastest APT for ADR Closures

In FY 2003, the Department of Transportation had the fastest average processing time for ADR closures in the formal complaint process.

Table 33 - Fastest Average Processing Time in the Formal Complaint Process
FY 2003

Agencies ADR Closures Total Days of ADR Closures Average Processing Time
Department of Transportation 60 223 4 days
Department of the Interior 64 418 7 days
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 22 210 10 days
Social Security Administration 13 163 13 days
Department of the Air Force 145 2,452 17 days

6a. In FY 2004, Defense National Guard Bureau had Fastest APT for ADR Closures

In FY 2004, the Defense National Guard Bureau had the fastest average processing time for ADR closures in the formal complaint process.

Table 33a - Fastest Average Processing Time in the Formal Complaint Process
FY 2004

Agencies ADR Closures Total Days of ADR Closures Average Processing Time
Defense National Guard Bureau 16 248 16
Defense Finance and Accounting Service 16 364 23
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 18 540 30
Department of the Air Force 190 6,319 33
Department of Transportation 52 1,857 36

7. Overall Resolution Rate of Formal Complaints Decreased by 2%

Of the 23,147 complaint closures in FY 2004, there were 6,794 (29%) resolutions, including a total of 4,469 settlements. These resolutions were obtained through ADR and other negotiation processes during the formal complaint stage (i.e., non-ADR process). A three-year analysis of the data shows that the total resolution rate increased by six percentage points, climbing from 34% in FY 2002 to 40% in FY 2003 but decreased to 29% in FY 2004. Since FY 2000, the total resolution rate has decreased by two percentage points, from 31% in FY 2000 to 29% in FY 2004.

Table 34 - Comparison of Formal Complaint Resolutions 31
FYs 2000 - 2004

Fiscal Year Total Complaint Closures Settlements (Complaints) Withdrawals (Complaints) Total Resolutions (Complaints)
Total ADR Non-ADR ADR Non-ADR ADR Non-ADR ADR Non-ADR
2000 27,177 1,843 26,037 980 4,814 160 2,405 1,140 7,219
2001 25,283 2,312 23,797 1,336 3,925 150 2,397 1,486 6,322
2002 22,889 2,111 21,638 1,131 4,475 120 2,085 1,251 6,560
2003 19,772 3,652 18,226 1,375 4,198 171 2,125 1,546 6,323
2004 23,147 2,212 21,443 1,250 3,219 454 1,871 1,704 5,090

8. Trends in Resolution Rates During the Formal Complaint Process

In FY 2004, the ADR resolution rate of 77% exceeded the non-ADR resolution rate of 24%. From FY 2000 to FY 2004, ADR has averaged a resolution rate of 61%, while non-ADR has averaged a resolution rate of 29%. The chart below identifies the trend in resolution rates for ADR and non-ADR processes during the formal complaint stage of the EEO process from FY 2000 to FY 2004.

Figure 13 - Trends in Resolution Rates During the Formal Complaint Process FYs 2000 - 2004

Imagen

9. Trends in Resolution Rates without U.S. Postal Service Data During the Formal Complaint Process

Because the U.S. Postal Service reported 977 out of the 2,212 ADR closures in FY 2004, the government-wide data is largely impacted by that agency. When the U.S. Postal Service is excluded from the government-wide data, the resolution rate in FY 2004 sharply decreased for ADR (from 77% to 51%) and increased slightly for non-ADR (from 24% to 29%). Over the last five years, the average resolution rate declined for ADR (from 68% to 64%) and slightly improved for non-ADR (from 30% to 31%).

Figure 14 - Trends in Resolution Rates During the Formal Complaint Process (Excluding the U.S. Postal Service) FYs 2000 - 2004

Imagen

Section E    Benefits Obtained Through ADR Settlements in the Formal Complaint Stage

The types of monetary benefits reported were: (1) compensatory damages; (2) back pay/front pay; (3) lump sum; (4) attorney's fees; and (5) other monetary benefits. The types of non- monetary benefits reported were: (1) new hire; (2) promotion; (3) reinstatement; (4) expungement of records; (5) transfer; (6) rescind removal/voluntary resignation; (7) reasonable accommodation; and (8) other non-monetary benefits.

1. Amount of Complaint Settlement Benefits

During the formal complaint process in FY 2004, 4,739 complaint closures received monetary benefits, totaling $29,695,920, with either ADR or non-ADR settlements. In FY 2004, the average amount of monetary benefits for the complaint closures (i.e., settlements and findings of discrimination) was $6,266 per case. Since FY 2001, the average amount of monetary benefits in the complaint closures was $6,222 per case.

Table 35 - Comparison of Formal Complaint Monetary Benefits
FYs 2001 - 2004

Fiscal Year Complaints Receiving Monetary Benefits 32 Monetary Benefits Average Monetary Benefits
Total ADR Non-ADR Total ADR Non-ADR Total ADR Non-ADR
2001 5,522 694 4,828 $32,941,218 $6,790,337 $26,150,881 $5,965 $9,784 $5,417
2002 5,854 655 5,199 $33,528,757 $5,914,384 $27,614,373 $5,727 $9,030 $5,311
2003 5,823 785 5,038 $40,328,926 $6,027,764 $34,301,162 $6,926 $7,679 $6,808
2004 4,739 485 4,254 $29,695,920 $3,209,199 26,486,721 $6,266 $6,617 $6,226

2. Average Amount of ADR Monetary Benefits Decreased in FY 2003

During the formal complaint process in FY 2003, there were 1,375 ADR settlements, including 785 with monetary benefits totaling $6,027,764, and 4,198 settlements out of the 5,038 non-ADR complaint closures that received monetary benefits. In FY 2003, the average amount of monetary benefits was $7,679 for ADR settlements.

The table below shows that in FY 2003, lump sum payments were the most frequently used type of monetary settlement benefit; however, compensatory damages had the highest average of monetary benefits.

Table 36 - ADR Monetary Benefits in the Formal Complaint Process 33
FY 2003

Types of Monetary Benefits ADR Settlements (complaints) ADR Monetary Benefits Average Monetary Benefits
Lump Sum 360 $2,407,430 $6,687
Attorney's Fees 150 $945,564 $6,304
Compensatory Damages 152 $1,920,879 $12,637
Back Pay/Front Pay 119 $712,577 $5,988
Other Benefits 21 $41,314 $1,967
Total Monetary Benefits 785 $6,027,764 $7,679

2a. In FY 2004, Average Amount of ADR Monetary Benefits Again Decreases

During the formal complaint process in FY 2004, there were 1,250 ADR settlements, including 485 with monetary benefits totaling $3,209,199, and 996 settlements out of the 2,527 non-ADR complaint closures that received monetary benefits. In FY 2004, the average amount of monetary benefits was $6,617 for ADR settlements. Since FY 2001, the average amount of monetary benefits was $8,278 for ADR settlements.

The table below shows that in FY 2004, lump sum payments were the most frequently used type of monetary settlement benefit with the highest average of monetary benefits.

Table 36a - ADR Monetary Benefits in the Formal Complaint Process 34
FY 2004

Types of Monetary Benefits ADR Settlements (complaints) ADR Monetary Benefits Average Monetary Benefits
Lump Sum 237 $1,851,880 $7,814
Attorney's Fees 117 $589,365 $5,037
Compensatory Damages 77 $470,607 $6,112
Back Pay/Front Pay 41 $270,602 $6,600
Other Benefits 33 $26,745 $810
Total Monetary Benefits 485 $3,209,199 $6,617

3. "Other Non-Monetary Benefits" Were Most Frequently Reported In ADR Settlements in FY 2003

During the formal complaint process in FY 2003, ADR efforts resulted in 1,375 settlements, including 936 with non-monetary benefits. The table below shows that in FY 2003, other non- monetary benefits was the most frequently used, appearing in 404 of the ADR settlements. Examples of other non-monetary benefits include a modified appraisal rating, an updated position description, priority consideration, a detail, a desk audit, leave restored/modified, a neutral reference, and a reassignment of duties.

Table 37 - ADR Non-Monetary Benefits in the Formal Complaint Process 35
FY 2003

Types of Non-Monetary Benefits ADR Settlements (Complaints)
Other Non-Monetary Benefits 404
Expungement of Records 193
Transfer 96
Training 85
Reasonable Accommodation 56
Apology 54
Removal Rescinded/Voluntary Resignation 54
Promotion 52
Reinstatement 32
New Hire 21
Total Non-Monetary Benefits 936

3a. In FY 2004, "Other Non-Monetary Benefits" Were Again Most Frequently Reported In ADR Settlements

During the formal complaint process in FY 2004, ADR efforts resulted in 1,250 settlements, including 966 with non-monetary benefits. The table below shows that in FY 2004, other non- monetary benefits was the most frequently used, appearing in 585 of the ADR settlements.

Table 37a - ADR Non-Monetary Benefits in the Formal Complaint Process 36 FY 2004

Types of Non-Monetary Benefits ADR Settlements (Complaints)
Other Non-Monetary Benefits 585
Expungement of Records 110
Transfer 59
Training 79
Reasonable Accommodation 25
Apology 131
Removal Rescinded/Voluntary Resignation 37
Promotion 62
Reinstatement 17
New Hire 7
Total Non-Monetary Benefits 966

GLOSSARY

ADR Attempts - The number of counselings or complaints that started an ADR technique(s) during a specific fiscal year.

ADR Closures - The number of counselings or complaints that complete the ADR process during a fiscal year. This term does not indicate that the agency has closed these counselings or complaints in either the pre-complaint stage or the formal complaint stage.

ADR Election Rate - Of the completed counselings or complaint workload that received an ADR offer, the election rate represents the percentage that participated in the ADR process.

ADR Intake Officers - An individual in the ADR program who has been trained to conduct counseling duties for aggrieved individuals who have not contacted the EEO office.

ADR Offer Rate - The percentage of completed counselings or complaint workload that received an ADR offer.

ADR Offers - The decision by an agency to offer ADR to an individual during the EEO process.

ADR Participation Rate - The percentage of completed counselings or complaint workload where both parties agreed to participate in ADR.

ADR Resolution Rate - The percentage of ADR closures that were resolved by either settlement or withdrawal from the EEO process.

ADR Techniques - The methods used by an ADR program to resolve disputes. Types of ADR techniques include mediation, settlement conference, facilitation, early neutral evaluation, peer review, ombuds, fact finding, and mini-trial.

ADR Usage - The agreement by both parties to participate in the ADR process.

Alternative Dispute Resolution - A term used to describe a variety of approaches to resolve conflict rather than traditional adjudicatory methods. ADR is a process in which a third party neutral assists in resolving disputes by using various techniques to reach a resolution acceptable to the parties.

Average Processing Time - The total number of days divided by the number of ADR attempts or ADR closures.

Complaint Closures - The agency's decision to close a complaint during the formal complaint stage as a result of settlement, withdrawal, dismissal, or merit decision.

Complaint Workload - The combined total of complaints filed, complaints pending from the previous fiscal year, and complaints remanded for investigation.

Complaints - An EEO dispute during the formal complaint stage of the EEO process.

Counselings - An EEO dispute during the pre-complaint stage of the EEO process.

Neutrals - An impartial third party who has no vested interest in the outcome of a dispute.

Parties - The parties in an EEO dispute include the aggrieved individual (or complainant) and the agency that is named in the complaint.

Resolutions - Resolutions include settlements where individuals received monetary and/or non-monetary benefits, and matters where the individual withdrew a counseling or a complaint from the EEO process.

Settlements - A counseling or complaint where the individual received monetary and/or non- monetary benefits from the agency in return for withdrawing the matter from the EEO process.

Withdrawals (No Formal Complaint Filed) - A counseling or complaint where the individual withdrew the matter from the EEO process without receiving any monetary and/or non-monetary benefits from the agency. In the pre-complaint stage, a withdrawal is also referred to as "No Formal Complaint Filed."


Footnotes

1 The goals of the Five Point Plan include proactive prevention, proficient resolution, promote and expand ADR, strategic enforcement and litigation, and EEOC as a model workplace. The Five Point Plan can be viewed in its entirety on the EEOC's webpage http://www.eeoc.gov/abouteeoc/plan under the heading, "Strategic Plan For Fiscal Years 2004 - 2009."

2 ADR is a process in which a third party neutral assists the disputants in reaching an amicable resolution through the use of various techniques. ADR describes a variety of approaches to resolve conflict which avoid the cost, delay, and unpredictability of the traditional adjudicatory processes.

3 See Jeffrey M. Senger, Federal Dispute Resolution: Using ADR with the United States Government, 3 - 10 (Jossey-Bass/John Wiley & Sons, 2003), which is located at www.usdoj.gov/odr/articles.htm.

4 The partner agencies were Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency, Defense Commissary Agency, Defense Information Systems Agency, Department of the Air Force, Department of the Army, Department of Education, Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of State, Department of Veteran Affairs, Export-Import Bank, Federal Communications Commission, Federal Trade Commission, Government Printing Office, National Gallery of Art, National Guard Bureau, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Security and Exchange Commission, Small Business Administration, Social Security Administration, and United States Postal Service.

5 The Peace Corps reported that it did not establish or make available an ADR program in FY 2003; however, that agency developed an ADR program, which it implemented in FY 2004.

6 These agencies included: Central Intelligence Agency; Defense Intelligence Agency; and National Imagery and Mapping Agency, now known as Defense National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.

7 The EEOC did not collect data on ADR offers until FY 2002. The total counseled for FY 2000 has been corrected by excluding the instances of counseling initiated with ADR Intake Officers due to concerns about the accuracy of the data.

8 In this ADR Report, all ranking tables will exclude agencies with fewer than 10 of the applicable ADR offers, cases processed in ADR, or ADR closures.

9 The ADR offer rate was adjusted to 100% for those agencies that submitted data which resulted in an ADR offer rate of over 100%. The number of ADR offers may exceed the instances of counseling because the instances of counseling contains only matters that were completed during the fiscal year while ADR offers include instances of counseling that were pending and/or completed at the end of the fiscal year.

10 An ADR attempt includes all instances of counseling that initiated an ADR proceeding during the current fiscal year.

11 In this table, for each ADR attempt during the pre-complaint process in FY 2003 and FY 2004, the average processing time tracks the number of days between the date that the individual elected ADR (accepted the agency's ADR offer during the reporting period) and the date that the ADR process or the reporting period ended. For the purpose of calculating the average days, ADR attempts were not considered if the agencies did not report the number of days.

12 For more information about the use of neutrals in the federal sector EEO process, refer to the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act, 5 U.S.C. Section 571(9), and Chapter 3 of MD-110.

13 In addition to resolving EEO disputes, ADR may also improve the parties' communication skills, reduce tension in the workplace, and help both parties avoid costly litigation expenses. Presently, there is insufficient data to evaluate ADR's impact on these other factors.

14 The term "resolutions" includes settlements where individuals received monetary and/or non-monetary benefits, and matters where no formal complaint was filed. The term "no resolutions" includes matters where ADR failed to resolve the dispute and the agency continued processing the complaint.

15 In March 2003, FEMA became part of the Department of Homeland Security's Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate.

16 To determine the duration of each ADR case, agencies are instructed to add the number of days from the date the counselee elected ADR during the reporting period (accepted the agency's ADR offer) or the first day of the reporting period (for ADR attempts pending at the beginning of the reporting period), to the date that the ADR process ended.

17 The number of settlements (8,298) in the pre-complaint process differs from the number (8,199) reported in the FY 2003 Annual Report on the Federal Workforce due to a correction of the reported EEO counseling settlements from 1,031 to 1,130.

18 The total number of instances of counseling that settled does not equal the aggregate of each type of benefit, since one settlement agreement could include more than one type of monetary and/or non-monetary benefit.

19 Table 16 excludes FY 2000 data due to concerns about the accuracy of the reported instances of counseling that received monetary settlements through ADR.

20 Fiscal years 2001, 2002, and 2003.

21 The total number of instances of counseling that settled with monetary benefits does not equal the aggregate of each type of monetary benefit, since one settlement agreement could include more than one type of monetary benefit.

22 The total number of instances of counseling that settled with monetary benefits does not equal the aggregate of each type of monetary benefit, since one settlement agreement could include more than one type of monetary benefit.

23 The total number of instances of counseling that settled with non-monetary benefits does not equal the aggregate of each type of non-monetary benefit, since one settlement agreement could include more than one type of non-monetary benefit.

24 The total number of instances of counseling that settled with non-monetary benefits does not equal the aggregate of each type of non-monetary benefit, since one settlement agreement could include more than one type of non-monetary benefit.

25 During the formal complaint stage, the EEOC did not collect data on the number of ADR offers until FY 2002 and data on ADR participation rates until FY 2001.

26 For each ADR attempt during the formal complaint process in FY 2003, the average processing time tracks the number of days between the date that the individual elected ADR and the date that the ADR attempt was completed. For the purpose of calculating the average days, ADR attempts were not considered if the agencies did not report the number of days.

27 For more information about the use of neutrals in the federal sector EEO process, refer to the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act, 5 U.S.C. Section 571(9), and Chapter 3 of MD-110.

28 Neutrals from another agency may include agencies that conduct ADR services for a fee, such as the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, as well as agencies that provide free ADR service through a Shared Neutrals Program.

29 In addition to resolving EEO disputes, ADR may also improve parties' communication skills, reduce tension in the workplace, and help both parties avoid costly litigation expenses. Presently, there is insufficient data to evaluate ADR's impact on these factors.

30 The term "resolutions" includes settlements where individuals received monetary and/or non-monetary benefits, and complaints withdrawn from the EEO process. The term "no resolutions" includes matters where ADR failed to resolve the dispute and the agency continued processing the complaint.

31 ADR closures cannot be added to non-ADR closures to obtain the total complaint closures because ADR closures include cases which failed to settle and are pending investigation.

32 Table 35 excludes FY 2000 data due to concerns about the accuracy of the reported complaints that received monetary settlements through ADR. Of the complaints that received monetary benefits, the non-ADR complaints include both settlements through means other than ADR and findings of discrimination because the data does not report the monetary benefits obtained in non-ADR settlements.

33 The total number of complaints that settled with monetary benefits does not equal the aggregate of each type of monetary benefit, since one settlement agreement could include more than one type of monetary benefit.

34 The total number of complaints that settled with monetary benefits does not equal the aggregate of each type of monetary benefit, since one settlement agreement could include more than one type of monetary benefit.

35 The total number of complaints that settled with non-monetary benefits does not equal the aggregate of each type of non-monetary benefit, since one settlement agreement could include more than one type of non-monetary benefit.

36 The total number of complaints that settled with non-monetary benefits does not equal the aggregate of each type of non-monetary benefit, since one settlement agreement could include more than one type of non-monetary benefit.


This page was last modified on October 18, 2005.