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U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Sex Discrimination

A boy and a girl standing back-to-back

EEOC enforces two laws that protect you from sex-based discrimination at work:

The laws enforced by EEOC also prohibit sexual harassment at work. Sex harassment includes conduct that is sexual in nature, such as sexual jokes or requests for sexual favors, and non-sexual conduct that is based on your gender. The law protects you from being sexually harassed by your supervisor, a supervisor in another area, a co-worker, and others in your workplace, such as a client or customer. The harasser, as well as the victim, can be a male or female.

Finally, the laws enforced by EEOC protect you from being punished or harassed at work because you or someone you closely associate with (for example, a relative or close friend) complains about sex discrimination. We call this your right to be protected from retaliation.

If you would like more information after reading the frequently asked questions, see the EEOC's Sex-Based Discrimination page and Equal Pay and Compensation Discrimination page.