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Press Release 05-17-2022

EEOC Shines Spotlight on Discrimination and Opportunities in Construction

Agency Examines Mistreatment of Women and People of Color in Construction

WASHINGTON -- The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) today held a hearing which examined the severe and pervasive discrimination in the construction sector, especially against women and people of color. It also examined how to expand opportunities for historically marginalized workers in the industry.

“The construction sector has always been an important component of the American economy, as a major employer of America’s workers, a pathway to prosperity and security, and a key indicator of the nation’s health,” said EEOC Chair Charlotte A. Burrows. “Unfortunately, many women and people of color have either been shut out of construction jobs or face discrimination that limits their ability to thrive in these careers.”

Chair Burrows pointed out further that “Discrimination and harassment in construction can be especially harsh and virulent, including displays of nooses; threats and physical harassment; and sometimes physical or sexual assaults. Yet, often workers do not know where to go to seek help. Today’s hearing shed light on innovative promising practices to address discrimination and increase diversity in this crucial industry.”

The EEOC heard from a wide range of witnesses with expertise on the challenges faced by people who do not fit the usual demographics in the traditionally white and male-dominated construction industry.

Dr. Trevor Griffey, lecturer in U.S. History at the University of California at Irvine, said, “The history of attempts to desegregate skilled construction trades demonstrates that there’s more to the desegregation of an industry than simply being hired: workplace culture also has to change. Today, as the federal government is substantially reinvesting in U.S. infrastructure projects, is an important time to revisit the lessons of this history to ensure that federal government spending continues the work of providing equal opportunity for all workers.”

Kenneth D. Simonson, chief economist of the Associated General Contractors of America, pointed out, “Construction associations and member companies are taking a number of steps to make more students, jobseekers and individuals not currently in the labor force aware of the opportunities that construction offers and to provide a more welcoming and inclusive work environment.” He also called for more funding for career and technical education to end a “higher education bias” in federal funding.

Ariane Hegewisch, senior research fellow at the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, said, “The infrastructure bill signed into law by President Biden provides a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity — and obligation — to tackle the practices that keep women from entering and thriving in the trades. We know what is needed to build a welcoming and fair workplace in the construction industry and now is the time to ensure that women, particularly women of color, are no longer excluded or forced to work in unacceptable conditions in an industry receiving such large amounts of public dollars.”

Janel Bailey, co-executive director of organizing and programs of the Los Angeles Black Workers Center, said, “It isn't mysterious that the EEOC called for a hearing regarding the trades specifically. The current situation didn't fall from the sky. This is the result of exclusive policies that have shaped the cultures of the industries and their unions. The good news is that we can choose to move away from that legacy, and it must be in partnership with Black workers and other workers who have been left out.”

Chris Winters, military and tribal liaison of the International Union of Painters and Allied Trades District Council # 5, said, “As a minority, Native American, combat-disabled veteran and labor leader, it is not only my duty and obligation to share the roadblocks I’ve encountered, but, more importantly, it is my sovereign honor to clear pathways to prosperity for future generations to follow: to engage, educate, and activate.” 

Gary, an ironworker from Alabama who testified at the hearing, said, “Harassment on construc­tion jobs is just not right. Construction is hard, dangerous work. It takes you away from your family. But you can do well if you work hard, learn your job, and do the job right. But you can’t provide for your family and keep yourself safe on the job if you are being harassed.”

James Bobseine, trial attorney with the EEOC’s Buffalo Local Office, said, “America’s con­struc­tion workers do important work that requires skill and perseverance. It is essential that they are able to do their jobs free of discrimination, which makes their jobs harder and undermines the dignity of their labor.”

David Chincanchan, policy director of the Workers Defense Project, said, “We at the Workers Defense Project are fighting against discrimination, harassment, and wage theft in the Texas construc­tion industry. Our members take on this work, despite facing threats of retaliation, because they know from personal experience how urgently change is needed. We understand that change will only happen if workers are able to speak out against injustice. We ask the federal government to take meaningful steps not just to hold abusive employers accountable but to protect workers who come forward to denounce these abuses – regardless of race, gender-identity, immigration status or any other characteristic on which employment discrimination is based.”

Japlan “Jazz” Allen, an ironworker, and treasurer of Chicago Women in Trades said, “As an ironworker with 21 years in the trades, making $54.63 an hour, and a benefit package with full health insurance and a pension, I know that the construc­tion trades can offer women economic security. But these good wages are all too often offset by signifi­cant and persistent barriers beyond just getting into the field. Twenty-one years after I began my career, and 40 years after Chicago Women in Trades’ founding, I know too many tradeswomen – especially women of color – who are still struggling to stay in their careers, or who are seriously considering leaving the trades. I’m testifying today with the hopes that the challenges that drive women out of the industry – inequities in hiring and on-the-job training, and a workplace culture that can too often be hostile, intimidating, unwelcoming, and unsafe – will be taken seriously and addressed by not only the EEOC and other public agencies, but by our industry itself.”

Melissa Wells, special assistant to the president for diversity and inclusion of North America’s Building Trades Union (NABTU), said, “I’m sure we can agree that the responsibility to increase diversity in construction is shared by all stakeholders in the industry – from the C suite to the jobsite. NABTU and our 14 affiliates are changing lives. We are doing our part, and we will continue to lead the way in fostering a truly diverse building trades future.”

The EEOC advances opportunity in the workplace by enforcing federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination. More information is available at Stay connected with the latest EEOC news by subscribing to our email updates.