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Coverage of Business/Private Employers

General Coverage

If you have a complaint against a business (or some other private employer) that involves race, color, religion, sex (including sexual orientation, gender identity, or pregnancy), national origin, disability, or genetic information (including family medical history), the business is covered by the laws we enforce if it has 15 or more employees who worked for the employer for at least twenty calendar weeks (in this year or last).

Age Discrimination and Coverage

If your complaint involves age discrimination, the business is covered by the laws we enforce if it has 20 or more employees who worked for the company for at least twenty calendar weeks (in this year or last).

Equal Pay Act and Coverage

Virtually all employers are covered by the Equal Pay Act (EPA), which makes it illegal to pay different wages to men and women if they perform substantially equal work in the same workplace.

Deciding Coverage of Business/Private Employers

Figuring out whether or not an employer is covered can be complicated. If you aren't sure about whether coverage exists, you should contact one of our field offices as soon as possible so we can make that decision. It is also important to keep in mind that, if an employer is not covered by the laws we enforce, the employer still may be covered by a state or local anti-discrimination law. If it is, we can refer you to the state or local agency that enforces that law.